Why Is Terracing Used In Southeast Asian Agriculture?

Why Is Terracing Used In Southeast Asian Agriculture??

Terracing is used in Southeast Asia to provide land that is better suited for farming. This practice creates more surface area for farming and helps to keep the crops in place until they are harvested.

Why is terracing used in Southeast Asia?

Terracing is used in Southeast Asian agriculture in order to make land more level or flat for farming . Due to steeply landscape especially in mountainous regions and plateaus the land could not hold water and other things.

What type of farming is used in Southeast Asia?

Three broad types of small-scale agriculture are prominent throughout the region: ricefields rainfed fields and homegardens. Rice is the staple food of most Southeast Asians and flooded rice paddies dominate most agricultural landscapes in Southeast Asia.

Why are terraces built for farming?

Graduated terrace steps are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain. Terraced fields decrease both erosion and surface runoff and may be used to support growing crops that require irrigation such as rice.

What is a terrace in agriculture?

Terraces are earthen structures that intercept runoff on moderate to steep slopes. They transform long slopes into a series of shorter slopes. Terraces reduce the rate of runoff and allow soil particles to settle out. The resulting cleaner water is then carried off the field in a non-erosive manner.

Where is terracing used to farm?

Terrace farming was invented by the Inca people who lived in the South American mountains. This farming method has made cultivation of crops in hilly or mountainous regions possible. It is commonly used in Asia by rice-growing countries such as Vietnam Philippines and Indonesia.

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Why is terrace cultivation practiced in hilly region?

The terrace farming practised in hilly areas ’cause in hilly regions the water will not be properly holded and will flow away. Therefore the terrace are made to hold the water properly and which will be easier for cultivation of crops. Hence terraces are very useful in farming practices in hilly regions.

Why is the southeast good for growing crops?

The Southeast region is good for growing crops because of its flat land rich soil and long growing season. Southern farmers can grow crops for most of the year. … Because it produces so many food products the Southeast region has also become a center for food processing.

Why is South Asia agricultural?

The long history of human settlement has resulted in the utilisation of a wide diversity of natural resources for agriculture. In agro-ecological terms4 20 percent of the region’s land consists of steeply sloping hills and mountains containing only five percent of the total population.

Which of the following type of agriculture is most widely practiced in Southeast Asia?

Answer: Rice is the staple food of most Southeast Asians and flooded rice paddies dominate most agricultural landscapes in Southeast Asia. Rice is particularly prominent in floodplains and alluvial valleys but terraced rice is also common in upland areas wherever irrigation water is available.

What are the benefits of terracing?

The major benefit of course is the conservation of soil and water. Terraces reduce both the amount and velocity of water moving across the soil surface which greatly reduces soil erosion. Terracing thus permits more intensive cropping than would otherwise be possible.

How does terracing help in soil conservation?

Soil Fertility: Phosphorus in Soils☆

Terraces divide slopes so that surface runoff is intercepted and carried to a protective outlet. Terraces decrease erosion by shortening slope length slowing runoff velocity and trapping sediments.

What is terrace farming Why is it popular in the mountains answer?

Terrace farming is carried out on the slopes of the mountains. Terraces are built on the slopes of the mountains to create flat lands to grow crops. Terrace farming is useful as it slows down the speed of water running down the mountains. This conserves fertile top soil.

How does terrace farming help prevent soil erosion?

Terraces diminish both the sum and speed of water moving over the soil surface which incredibly lessens soil erosion.

Is terracing used today?

Today modern farmers are returning to the terrace farming practices used thousands of years ago as a more practical and productive way to raise the most food with the least water. Tea farmers also take advantage of terrace farming.

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What are the advantages and disadvantages of terrace farming?

The primary advantage of terraces is improved soil erosion control. Secondary advantages of terraces include elimination of grass waterways that can be difficult to maintain and reductions in flooding. Disadvantages include the capital cost of building terraces and the time required to maintain terraces.

Which types of crops benefit from the terracing method of farming?

Furthermore terrace farming prevents soil erosion and contributes to soil conservation.

In particular examples of common crops farmed by terrace farming include:
  • wheat
  • buckwheat
  • corn
  • rice
  • millets
  • saffron
  • black cumin
  • pulses

How does the terrace farming in slope areas help in land conservation?

Terracing technology reduces a field’s slope length and angle so that soil erosion and soil fertility losses are minimal compared to a sloping land’s. The terrace’s flatness reduces runoff and enhances infiltration which makes more moisture available to crops.

How farmers do terrace farming?

A farmer is a person engaged in agriculture raising living organisms for food or raw materials. The term usually applies to people who do some combination of raising field crops orchards vineyards poultry or other livestock. … Globally women constitute more than 40% of agricultural employees.

Why is terrace farming Practised in western Himalayas?

Flat areas out of a hilly or mountainous landscape are cut in order to grow crops. Therefore terrace farming is practised in the Himalayas. … Terraces collect and distribute water while reducing soil erosion. Terraces carved into slopes prevent flooding and excessive run offs after heavy rains.

What is terracing in geography?

Raised shoreline – Ancient shoreline exposed above current water level. Terrace (earthworks) – Terrain formed by tiered platforms. Wave-cut platform – Narrow flat area often found at the base of a sea cliff or along the shoreline of a lake bay or sea that was created by erosion.

What is the Southeast region known for?

The lower part of the Southeast region is known for its beautiful sandy beaches. Along the coast the land is mostly flat. The coast of the Southeast region includes both the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. The low Coastal Plain stretches along the southeastern coast from Virginia to Louisiana.

Which of the following are crops that the Southeast is known for growing?

Maps showing harvested-acreage density in the United States are included for each crop.
  • Soybeans. Soybeans are grown on virtually any soil type and are easily adapted to numerous rotations (Table 7.2). …
  • Hay. …
  • Corn. …
  • Wheat. …
  • Cotton. …
  • Peanuts. …
  • Sorghum. …
  • Tobacco.

What vegetation grows in the Southeast?

Flowering Trees
  • Flowering Trees.
  • Chaste Trees. Wisteria Trees. Crabapple Trees. Crape Myrtle Trees. Dogwood Trees. Flowering Cherry Trees. Flowering Pear Trees. Flowering Plum Trees. Magnolia Trees. Redbud Trees.

Is Southeast Asia agricultural?

Agricultural production in Southeast Asia remains centred around rice. Rice cultivation is the main agricultural production activity accounting for a greater share of gross production value than any other single commodity.

Why is farming in South Asia problematic?

Inefficient use of inputs such as water and fertilizer and deteriorating natural resources have led to stagnating crop yields and declining profitability. Rising food prices inconsistent domestic and trade policies and weakened agricultural institutions are further aggravating this agrarian crisis.

Why is Asia known as the largest user of water for agriculture?

High water use in Asian countries is due not only to high population density but also water-intensive agriculture practices.

What type of agriculture is suited to the dry climate of central Asia?

Central Asia is largely desert and cotton production strongly relies on irrigation. More than 80% of arable land in Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan is irrigated and only Kazakhstan with its wheat-based crop production irrigates only 7% of its arable land.

Which of the following were important crops in colonial Southeast Asia?

The lands of Southeast Asia were perfect for plantation agriculture. The major focus was on sugar cane coffee cocoa rubber coconuts bananas and pine- apple. As these products became more important in the world trade markets European powers raced each other to claim lands.

What crop is most commonly found on plantations in Southeast Asia?

Asia is noted for several plantation cash crops of which the most important are tea rubber palm oil coconuts and sugarcane.

How did terrace farming benefit the ancient Chinese?

To solve the problem of food the ancient immigrants built terraced fields for water conservation which made it possible to grow rice in hilly areas. China’s rice terraces are mainly distributed in the mountainous area in the south of the Yangtze River.

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What is terrace farming Short answer?

terrace cultivation method of growing crops on sides of hills or mountains by planting on graduated terraces built into the slope. Though labour-intensive the method has been employed effectively to maximize arable land area in variable terrains and to reduce soil erosion and water loss.

Is terracing good or bad?

Terracing is one of the oldest means of saving soil and water. … Existing literature and information shows that terraces can considerably reduce soil loss due to water erosion if they are well planned correctly constructed and properly maintained. If not maintained they can provoke land degradation.

What is the main problem with terrace farming?

The challenges of terrace agriculture in these regions include lack of quality land area for agriculture erosion and loss of soil fertility low yield poor access to agricultural inputs and services lack of mechanization labor shortages poverty and illiteracy.

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