How Was The Rotation Rate Of Jupiter’S Core Determined?

How Was The Rotation Rate Of Jupiter’s Core Determined??

it rotates rapidly. … How was the rotation rate of Jupiter’s core determined? by radio observations of Jupiter’s rapidly spinning magnetosphere. What evidence do we have that Jupiter must have a substantial solid core under the thick clouds?

How is the rotation of Jupiter’s core measured?

Unlike the inner terrestrial planets Jupiter is a ball of almost entirely hydrogen and helium. Unlike Mars or Mercury Jupiter has no surface features that you track to measure the rotation speed there are no craters or mountains that rotate into view after a specific amount of time.

What is interesting about Jupiter’s rotation?

The planet rotates very Jupiter rotates very quickly turning on its axis once every 9 hours and 55 minutes. This rapid rotation is also what causes the flattening effect of the planet which is why it has an oblate shape. One orbit of the Sun takes Jupiter 11.86 Earth years.

How does Jupiter exhibit differential rotation?

The equatorial zones rotate in less time than than the higher latitudes. How does Jupiter exhibit differential rotation? The brighter high-pressure regions that bring material up to the surface from deeper within the atmosphere.

What causes the variations in Jupiter’s belts and zones?

The most striking “cloudmark” in Jupiter’s atmosphere is the: Great Red Spot. What is the probable source of the day-to-day variations in Jupiter’s belts and zones? large mass.

Why is Jupiter the fastest rotating planet?

This means that Jupiter has the shortest days of all the planets in the Solar System. … Since Jupiter is a gas planet it does not rotate as a solid sphere. Jupiter’s equator rotates a bit faster than its polar regions at a speed of 28 273 miles/hour (about 43 000 kilometers/hour).

How fast does Jupiter’s core rotate?

Sidereal rotation period 9.9250 hours (9 h 55 m 30 s)
Equatorial rotation velocity 12.6 km/s (7.8 mi/s 45 000 km/h)
Axial tilt 3.13° (to orbit)
North pole right ascension 268.057° 17h 52m 14s

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What is at Jupiter’s core?

Jupiter’s core contains some rock and hydrogen metals. … The accepted theory holds that it consists of a dense core made of a mixture of elements the core is thought to be surrounded by a layer of liquid metallic hydrogen and helium then the outer layer is to be dominated by molecular hydrogen.

Does it rain diamonds on Jupiter?

New research by scientists apparently shows that it rains diamonds on Jupiter and Saturn. … According to the research lightning storms on the planets turn methane into soot which hardens into chunks of graphite and then diamonds as it falls.

Why can’t Jupiter become a star?

“Jupiter is called a failed star because it is made of the same elements (hydrogen and helium) as is the Sun but it is not massive enough to have the internal pressure and temperature necessary to cause hydrogen to fuse to helium the energy source that powers the sun and most other stars.

What is interesting about Jupiter’s rotation period group of answer choices?

What is interesting about Jupiter’s rotation period? It is the fastest in the solar system. a large cyclonic storm (hurricane).

How does the radius of Jupiter compare with that of the other planets?

Terms in this set (39) How does the radius of Jupiter compare with that of the other planets? It is larger than any other planet in our solar system.

Who discovered differential rotation?

Christoph Scheiner

Christoph Scheiner (“Rosa Ursine sive solis” book 4 part 2 1630) was the first to measure the equatorial rotation rate of the Sun and noticed that the rotation at higher latitudes is slower so he can be considered the discoverer of solar differential rotation.

Why is Pluto no longer considered a planet?

The International Astronomical Union (IAU) downgraded the status of Pluto to that of a dwarf planet because it did not meet the three criteria the IAU uses to define a full-sized planet. Essentially Pluto meets all the criteria except one—it “has not cleared its neighboring region of other objects.”

Why is Saturn less dense than Jupiter?

Jupiter is denser than Saturn because it 3 times more massive. Gravity makes it denser. Jovian planets are not quite spherical because of their rapid rotation. The layers are different for the different planets.

What most likely causes the changes seen in Jupiter’s bands?

Jupiter’s stripes or ‘bands’ are caused by differences in the chemical composition and temperature of the atmospheric gas. The light-coloured bands are called ‘zones’ and show regions where the gas is rising. The dark-coloured bands are called ‘belts’ and show where gas is sinking.

What is the slowest spinning planet?


Venus is the slowest revolving planet in our solar system rotating once every 243 days making… |

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What is Jupiter’s nickname?

the Gas Giant

While Jupiter does not have a nickname as well-known as Mars (the red planet) its most common nickname is simply the Gas Giant.

What planet spins on its side?

This unique tilt makes Uranus appear to spin on its side orbiting the Sun like a rolling ball. The first planet found with the aid of a telescope Uranus was discovered in 1781 by astronomer William Herschel although he originally thought it was either a comet or a star.Sep 20 2021

Why stars do not rotate extremely fast?

The magnetic field of a star interacts with the stellar wind. As the wind moves away from the star its rate of angular velocity slows. … As a result angular momentum is transferred from the star to the wind and over time this gradually slows the star’s rate of rotation.

Why do the Jovian planets rotate faster?

Most studies in this area have focused on the inner planets. … That gas formed individual spinning disks (from which many satellites formed) and most likely it carried a lot of angular momentum as it fell onto the outer planets’ cores causing them to spin faster and faster as they coalesced.

Which way does Jupiter rotate?


Jupiter’s whirlwinds rotate opposite to the rotation of the planet i.e. clockwise on the northern and anti-clockwise on the southern hemisphere. On Earth hurricanes rotate in the opposite sense.

Does Jupiter have any solid core?

According to most theories Jupiter has a dense core of heavy elements that formed during the early solar system. The solid core of ice rock and metal grew from a nearby collection of debris icy material and other small objects such as the many comets and asteroids that were zipping around four billion years ago.

How dense is Jupiter’s core?

25 000 kg per cubic meter

The core’s density is estimated at 25 000 kg per cubic meter which would give Jupiter’s core a mass of 137 trillion trillion kilograms (151 billion trillion tons).

Can you stand on Pluto?

Pluto is only about two-thirds as wide as Earth’s moon and has about the same surface area as Russia. … As a comparison on Earth you could blot out the full moon with your thumb if you held out your arm but it would take almost your entire fist to block Charon while standing on Pluto Stern said.

Can a human survive Jupiter’s gravity?

Jupiter is made of mostly hydrogen and helium gas. If you tried to land on Jupiter it would be a bad idea. You’d face extremely hot temperatures and you’d free-float in mid-Jupiter with no way of escaping. Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

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Where is Black Diamond found?

Black diamonds are found only in Brazil and the Central African Republic.

Are Saturn’s rings made of diamonds?

The super-high pressure of the planet which orbits a rapidly pulsing neutron star has likely caused the carbon within it to crystallize into an actual diamond a new study suggests. …

Is Saturn a brown dwarf?

Brown dwarfs fall somewhere between the masses of giant planets like Saturn and Jupiter and the smallest stars. We could speak of brown dwarf masses as fractions of our sun’s mass but astronomers typically use Jupiter’s mass as a standard measure.

Can Jupiter ever ignite?

The planet Jupiter is the largest in our Solar System but is it large enough to ignite? Stars burn as a result of thermonuclear reactions deep in their cores. … This corresponds to about 13 times the mass of Jupiter meaning that Jupiter itself is incapable of ever ‘igniting’.

Are planets failed stars?

A gas giant is a giant planet composed mainly of hydrogen and helium. Gas giants are also called failed stars because they contain the same basic elements as a star. … Jupiter and Saturn consist mostly of hydrogen and helium with heavier elements making up between 3-13 percent of the mass.

Does Jupiter have 53 moons?

Jupiter has 53 named moons and another 26 awaiting official names. Combined scientists now think Jupiter has 79 moons.

Why do some of Jupiter’s moons orbit in the opposite direction of Jupiter’s rotation?

Why do some of Jupiter’s moons orbit in the opposite direction of Jupiter’s rotation? Jupiter’s rotation is backward due to a giant impact so its forward-orbiting moons are orbiting in the opposite direction of Jupiter’s spin.

How was Jupiter discovered?

While Jupiter has been known since ancient times the first detailed observations of this planet were made by Galileo Galilei in 1610 with a small telescope. More recently this planet has been visited by passing spacecraft orbiters and probes.

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