Which Animal Cell Type Undergoes Meiosis?

Meiosis is a process of cell division that occurs specifically in the germ cells of animals, which are responsible for producing sperm and eggs.

In animals, Meiosis is undergone specifically in the cells that produce sperm and eggs (also known as germ cells), where it is key to sexual reproduction. Whereas somatic cells undergo mitosis to proliferate, germ cells undergo meiosis to produce haploid gametes (the sperm and the egg).

Meiosis is a process that reduces the number of chromosomes in a cell by half, allowing for genetic diversity in the offspring. During meiosis, the cell divides twice to produce four haploid daughter cells, each with half the number of chromosomes as the original cell.

This process is responsible for the formation of sperm and egg cells, which can combine during fertilization to form a new organism. Meiosis is a defining characteristic of sexual reproduction, which is present in many animal species.

In multicellular plants and animals, however, meiosis is restricted to the germ cells, which is key to sexual reproduction. Whereas somatic cells undergo mitosis to proliferate, germ cells undergo meiosis to produce haploid gametes (the sperm and the egg).

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