What Underlying Processes Help To Explain The Occurrence Of Group Polarization?

What underlying process helps to explain the occurrence of group polarization?

The social comparison theory or normative influence theory has been widely used to explain group polarization. According to the social comparison interpretation group polarization occurs as a result of individuals’ desire to gain acceptance and be perceived in a favorable way by their group.

Why does group polarization occur quizlet?

Group polarization occurs when group discussion lead members to make decisions that are more extremely on the side of the issue that the group initially favored. … A risky shift occurs when group discussion lead members to make riskier decisions than they would as individuals.

Which of the following is an example of group polarization?

Group Polarization Examples

Some examples of these include discussions and decisions made about public policy terrorism college life and all types of violence. One example of informational influence within group polarization is jury verdicts.

What is group polarization in psychology quizlet?

Group polarization. In social psychology group polarization refers to the tendency for groups to make decisions that are more extreme than the initial inclination of its members. Groupthink. the practice of thinking or making decisions as a group in a way that discourages creativity or individual responsibility.

What is group polarization state any one reason for the occurrence of group polarization?

Group polarization occurs due to the following factors: (i)In the company of like-minded people people are likely to hear newer arguments favouring their view-points. (ii)When people find others also favouring their view-point they feel that their view is validated by the public. This is a sort of bandwagon effect.

What is group Polarisation and why does it occur?

Group polarization occurs when discussion leads a group to adopt attitudes or actions that are more extreme than the initial attitudes or actions of the individual group members. Note that group polarization can happen in the direction of either riskiness (risky shift) or conservativeness.

What is group polarization and groupthink?

Group polarization and groupthink are two terms that come in social psychology between which some difference can be identified. … The key difference between the two is that in group polarization the emphasis is on enhancing an opinion within a group but in groupthink the emphasis is on group unanimity.

When group polarization occurs what is the result?

Polarization is said “to occur when an initial tendency of individual group members toward a given direction is enhanced [by] group discussion.”40 The result is that groups often make more extreme decisions than would the typical or average individual in the group (where “extreme” is defined internally by reference to …

What is the key difference between groupthink and group polarization quizlet?

How do groupthink and group polarization differ? Group polarization is the name for the process of a group developing more extreme views about someone or something. Groupthink describes how peer pressure within groups leads to poor decision making.

How does group polarization affects the group efficiency in decision making & problem solving?

Group decisions can also be influenced by group polarization—when the attitudes held by the individual group members become more extreme than they were before the group began discussing the topic. Understanding group processes can help us better understand the factors that lead juries to make better or worse decisions.

What are two explanations for why group polarization in decision making occurs?

Explaining group polarization

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Psychologists have three main theories for why group polarization occurs — persuasion comparison and differentiation — but all of them have much the same cause. In any group trying to make a decision there is likely to be an initial preference in one particular direction.

Under what condition is group polarization most likely to occur?

Group polarization is most likely to occur when group members frequently disagree with one another.

What is group polarization and what causes it quizlet?

Group Polarization. –The tendency for groups to make decisions that are more extreme than the initial inclinations of individual members. -People can go more risky or more conservative depending on how the group is feeling. Persuasive Arguments.

How can Deindividuation help explain adolescent acts of vandalism on Halloween?

How can deindividuation help explain adolescent acts of vandalism on Halloween? Darkness masks and traveling in a group all provide feelings of anonymity that reduce self-awareness and inhibitions potentially leading to irresponsible behavior.

What is groupthink in psychology quizlet?

Groupthink. the mode of thinking that occurs when the desire for harmony in a decision-making group overrides a realistic appraisal of alternatives.

What is a group Explain Why do people join groups Class 12?

People join groups because these groups satisfy a range of needs. In general people join groups for the following reasons : • Security : When we are alone we feel insecure. Groups reduce this insecurity. … Self-esteem : Groups provide feelings of self-worth and establish a positive social identity.

How can group interaction enable group polarization?

How can group interaction enable group polarization and groupthink? In group polarization group discussions with the like-minded others cause us to feel more strongly about our shared beliefs and attitudes. Internet communication magnifies this effect for better and for worse.

What is a group discuss any three characteristics of a group class 12?

(a) Group is a social unit consisting of two or more individuals who perceive themselves as members of the group. (b) Individuals must interact with each other either directly or indirectly. (c) Individuals must be interdependent—what one is doing must have some consequence on the other.

What is meant by group Polarisation?

Also known as the group polarisation effect this refers to the tendency among groups to assume positions that are far more extreme than the initial positions of the individual members of the group following a group discussion.

What is polarization theory?

Polarization (also polarisation) is a property applying to transverse waves that specifies the geometrical orientation of the oscillations. … In linear polarization the fields oscillate in a single direction. In circular or elliptical polarization the fields rotate at a constant rate in a plane as the wave travels.

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How do group polarization and groupthink affect a team’s decision making process?

How does the normative decision-making theory help teams make decisions? … Group polarization: by making the result more extreme because of interpersonal processes. Groupthink: group decision flaws caused by a group’s desire to maintain good relations rather than to make the best decisions which leads to bad decisions.

What causes social polarization?

Social polarization is the segregation within a society that emerges when factors such as income inequality real-estate fluctuations and economic displacement result in the differentiation of social groups from high-income to low-income. …

Which of the following strategies would effectively prevent groupthink from occurring?

For this reason seeking outside opinions on group decisions is by definition a good strategy to prevent groupthink from occurring because the strategy consists in finding ideas from people outside the group that takes the decisions.

How do groupthink and group polarization differ Group of answer choices?

While groupthink results in decisions made based on the desire of not upsetting a group of people group polarization results in an extremely conservative decisions where the group members are cautious and risky decisions where the group members are risk-averse.

Which of the following best illustrates the importance of a message’s source on the effectiveness of a persuasive message?

Which of the following best illustrates the importance of a message’s source on the effectiveness of a persuasive message? The person who delivers the persuasive message is physically attractive.

Which of the following is a primary antecedent to groupthink?

High Cohesiveness

The presence of the following antecedent conditions can lead to groupthink: “(a) High Cohesiveness within the group (b) Insulation of the group from outside sources of information (c) Lack of methodical procedures for information search and appraisal (d) Directive Leadership (e) Homogeneity in members’ backgrounds (f) …

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How groupthink affect group decision making?

Groupthink—the tendency of groups to make decisions that preserve the status quo rather than take dissenting opinions into account—can be toxic to teams and organizations. It can stifle innovation and make employees feel pressured to conform.

What factors affect group decision making?

There are several important factors that influence decision making. Significant factors include past experiences a variety of cognitive biases an escalation of commitment and sunk outcomes individual differences including age and socioeconomic status and a belief in personal relevance.

What is the group decision making process?

Group decision making is a type of participatory process in which multiple individuals acting collectively analyze problems or situations consider and evaluate alternative courses of action and select from among the alternatives a solution or solutions.

What were participants deceived about in Milgram’s obedience experiments?

Deception – the participants actually believed they were shocking a real person and were unaware the learner was a confederate of Milgram’s. However Milgram argued that “illusion is used when necessary in order to set the stage for the revelation of certain difficult-to-get-at-truths.”

Which of the following is most likely to promote groupthink?

Social Influence
Question Answer
What is the most likely to promote groupthink? when group polarization is evident
Research has found that for a minority to succeed in swaying a majority the minority must do what? express its position as consistently as possible

What happens in group polarization quizlet?

1 groups increase members’ existing opinions and tendencies 2. Groups tend to strengthen average tendencies instead of creating a split within the group. group and individual decisions tend to be riskier after group discussion.

What is group polarization politics?

Group polarization refers to attitude change on the individual level due to the influence of the group and choice shift refers to the outcome of that attitude change namely the difference between the average group members’ pre-group discussion attitudes and the outcome of the group decision.

Which of the following terms is referred to as the unspoken rule dictating that we should treat others as they have treated us?

The unspoken rule dictating that we should treat others as they have treated us is called the. norm of reciprocity.

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Group Polarization

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