What Term Refers To The Kind Of Descent In Which People Choose The Descent Group That They Join?

What term refers to one of two descent groups in a given population quizlet?

What term refers to one of two descent groups in a given population? moiety. With unilineal descent sex with cross cousins is proper but sex with parallel cousins is considered incestuous.

What is the name of the family in which a child is raised anthropology quizlet?

The family of orientation is the name of the family in which a child is raised while the family of POST-CREATION is the name of the family established when one marries and has children. A BLOODLINE refers to a unilineal descent group whose members demonstrate their common descent from an apical ancestor.

What does it mean that kinship is culturally constructed?

What does it mean that kinship like race is culturally constructed? Some genealogical kin are considered to be relatives whereas others are not and the rules underlying such considerations vary across cultures.

What is the name of the Postmarital residence pattern in which the married couple is expected to establish their own home?

Cultural Appreciation
Question Answer
What is the name of the family in which a child is raised? The family of orientation
what is the name of the postmarital residence pattern in which the married couple is expected to establish its own home? Neolocality

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What is the term for the marginal or in between phase of a rite of passage?

What is the term for the marginal or in-between phase of a rite of passage? liminality.

What is the term that anthropologists use to refer to the biological father of a child quizlet?

The term genitor refers to the biological father of a child while PATER is the term anthropologists use to identify ego’s socially recognized father.

What term refers to the biological father of a child?

What term refers to the biological father of a child? Pater.

Which term refers to the nuclear family in which one is born and grows up?

Family of orientation. The family in which one is born and grows up. Nuclear family in which one is born and grows up. You just studied 38 terms! 1/38.

What are the two types of families classified by anthropologists?

Anthropologists generally classify most family organizations as matrifocal (a mother and her children) patrifocal (a father and his children) conjugal (a wife her husband and children also called the nuclear family) avuncular (for example a grandparent a brother his sister and her children) or extended ( …

What is Ambilineal descent?

As defined by Firth “ambilineal” descent is a mode of reckoning that maintains group continuity through the generations by using male or female links without set order. A person may use either or both parents as his own links to group membership.

What is the meaning of patrilineal descent?

tracing descent

Patrilineal or agnatic descent is established by tracing descent exclusively through males from a founding male ancestor. … Both men and women are included in the patrilineage formed but only male links are utilized to include successive generations.

What is kinship descent theory?

Thus British social anthropologists explored the ways in which kinship provided a basis for forming the kinds of groups—discrete bounded and linked to a particular territory—that were seen as necessary for a stable political order. Their explanations of these mechanisms became known as the descent theory of kinship.

What is Patrilocal and matrilocal family?

With patrilocal being the most common form of residence it is one in which a married couple lives with or very near to the man’s parents. Conversely a matrilocal system is one in which a married couple lives with or very near to the woman’s parents.

What is the meaning of matrilocal family?

Matrilocal meaning

The definition of matrilocal refers to a custom or culture where the husband goes to live with the wife’s family. When the custom of a tribe is for a man to marry and then go live with his mother and father-in-law this is an example of a matrilocal tribe.

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What is the name of the post marital residence Pattern?

Neolocal residence

Neolocal residence is a type of post-marital residence in which a newly married couple resides separately from both the husband’s natal household and the wife’s natal household. Neolocal residence forms the basis of most developed nations especially in the West and is also found among some nomadic communities.

What is liminality and Communitas?

Communitas is a Latin noun commonly referring either to an unstructured community in which people are equal or to the very spirit of community. … Communitas is characteristic of people experiencing liminality together. This term is used to distinguish the modality of social relationship from an area of common living.

What is Communitas anthropology quizlet?

Communitas is an intense community spirit the feeling of great social equality solidarity and togetherness. Communitas is characteristic of people experiencing liminality together.

What is the liminal phase of a rite of passage?

TRANSITION: (often called the liminal stage): The second stage in a rite of passage the “in-between” time in which the participant has lost his old identity but has not yet been fully re-incorporated into the community with a new identity.

What term refers to the practice of marrying a person outside of the group to which one belongs?

exogamy also called out-marriage custom enjoining marriage outside one’s own group. In some cases the rules of exogamy may also specify the outside group into which an individual must marry.

What is the term for the marital exchange in which the brides family or kin group provides substantial gifts when their daughter marries?

Dowry is a marital exchange in which the bride’s family or kin group provides substantial gifts when their daughter marries. This custom is correlated with HIGH female status. When a widower marries a sister of his deceased wife this is called a LEVIRATE.

Do all cultures define incest the same way?

True. Incest is a cultural universal that is defined the same way by all cultures. … One theory regarding the universality of the incest taboo argues that by forcing people to marry outside their immediate kin group peaceful alliances between people would extend to include a greater number of individuals.

Who are called parents answer?

A parent is a mother or father. Your mom and your dad are your parents and one of their jobs is to parent you. We’re all born to parents and many of us also have step parents foster parents or adoptive parents who parent us.

What do you call parents who adopt?

Honest adoption language

Those who adopted a child were thereafter termed its “guardians ” “foster ” or “adoptive” parents.

Who is your paternal grandparents?

Paternal originates from the Old French word of the same spelling meaning “of a father.” For example your paternal grandparents are your father’s parents. (Your mom’s parents are your maternal grandparents.)

What is called nuclear family?

nuclear family also called elementary family in sociology and anthropology a group of people who are united by ties of partnership and parenthood and consisting of a pair of adults and their socially recognized children. Typically but not always the adults in a nuclear family are married.

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Why is nuclear family called nuclear?

The History of ‘Nuclear Family’ … Nuclear family refers to the core members of a family usually parents and children. Nuclear had a long history of figurative use before its main association with “nuclear energy ” as nucleus has origins meaning “kernel” or more simply “something essential.”

What is another word for nuclear family?

A nuclear family elementary family or conjugal family is a family group consisting of parents and their children (one or more).

What is descent in anthropology?

descent in anthropology method of classifying individuals in terms of their various kinship connections. Matrilineal and patrilineal descent refer to the mother’s or father’s sib (or other group) respectively.

What are the types of families?

Family life
  • Nuclear family – a family unit consisting of two adults and any number of children living together. …
  • Extended family – grandparents aunts uncles and cousins either all living nearby or within the same household. …
  • Reconstituted family – also known as a step family.

What is traditional family?

Traditional family has been defined as two or more people who are related by blood marriage and—occasionally—adoption (Murdock 1949). Historically the most standard version of the traditional family has been the two-parent family.

What is a descent group?

A descent group is a social group whose members talk about common ancestry. A unilineal society is one in which the descent of an individual is reckoned either from the mother’s or the father’s line of descent. Matrilineal descent is based on relationship to females of the family line.

What is cognitive descent?

Cognatic descent refers to a method of tracing kinship through both mother’s and father’s ancestors to some degree. We also call it non-unilineal descent system. There are two main forms of cognatic descent: ambilineal descent and bilateral descent.

What is the meaning of Unilineal?

: tracing descent through either the maternal or paternal line only.

What does the term didactic refers to?

Full Definition of didactic

1a : designed or intended to teach. b : intended to convey instruction and information as well as pleasure and entertainment didactic poetry. 2 : making moral observations. Other Words from didactic Synonyms We Will Teach You the Origin of Didactic Example Sentences Learn More About didactic.

DESCENT GROUP

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