What Organelles Convert Solar Energy Into Glucose And Oxygen

What Organelles Convert Solar Energy Into Glucose And Oxygen?

Cells
Question Answer
Which of the following organelles convert solar energy into glucose and oxygen? Chloroplasts
Which cell organelles are responsible for making most of the cell’s ATP? Mitochondria
The DNA of a cell is organized into structures. What are these structures called? Chromosomes

Which organelle converts energy from the sun into glucose?

Chloroplasts

Chloroplasts are the food producers of the cell. The organelles are only found in plant cells and some protists such as algae. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts. Chloroplasts work to convert light energy of the Sun into sugars that can be used by cells.

What is the process that converts solar energy into glucose?

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis requires sunlight carbon dioxide and water as starting reactants (Figure 5.5). After the process is complete photosynthesis releases oxygen and produces carbohydrate molecules most commonly glucose. These sugar molecules contain the energy that living things need to survive.

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What converts oxygen and glucose into energy for the cell?

cellular respiration

Through the process of cellular respiration the energy in food is converted into energy that can be used by the body’s cells. During cellular respiration glucose and oxygen are converted into carbon dioxide and water and the energy is transferred to ATP.

What organelle uses glucose and oxygen for energy?

The Powerhouse of the Cell

Mitochondria (singular: mitochondrion) convert chemical energy into energy that our cells can actually use. This process is called cellular respiration. The mitochondria use it to turn glucose and oxygen into a high-energy molecule called ATP.

What do lysosomes and Golgi have in common?

What do lysosomes and Golgi bodies have in common? They’re the twin “command centers” of the cell. They break down food and release energy. They’re examples of cell organelles.

Which organelle is responsible for the process of converting solar energy into molecular energy?

the chloroplast

The organelle found in plant cells that is responsible for converting sunlight energy into the chemical energy found in sugar molecules is called the chloroplast. This double-membrane organelle is able to accomplish harness sunlight energy due to its chlorophyll content.

Which process produces oxygen which process produces oxygen cellular respiration photosynthesis?

light-dependent reactions

Photosynthesis can be divided into two main processes light-dependent reactions and light-independent reactions. Oxygen is produced in light-dependent reactions as a byproduct of the splitting of water.

Where does the oxygen come from in photosynthesis?

The oxygen released during photosynthesis is from the water. The plants will absorb water as well as carbon dioxide during photosynthesis. Later these water molecules are converted into oxygen and sugar. The oxygen is then released into the atmosphere whereas the sugar molecules are stored for energy.

How is oxygen produced during photosynthesis?

During the light reactions an electron is stripped from a water molecule freeing the oxygen and hydrogen atoms. The free oxygen atom combines with another free oxygen atom to produce oxygen gas which is then released.

Which is an energy conversion that occurs during cellular respiration?

ATP

The energy in glucose can be extracted in a series of chemical reactions known as cellular respiration. Cellular respiration produces energy in the form of ATP which is the universal energy currency for cells.

What organelle does cellular respiration occur?

mitochondria

While most aerobic respiration (with oxygen) takes place in the cell’s mitochondria and anaerobic respiration (without oxygen) takes place within the cell’s cytoplasm.

What is cellular respiration organelle?

Mitochondria. … The “powerhouses” of the cell mitochondria are oval-shaped organelles found in most eukaryotic cells. As the site of cellular respiration mitochondria serve to transform molecules such as glucose into an energy molecule known as ATP (adenosine triphosphate).

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What does the Golgi apparatus do?

The Golgi apparatus transports and modifies proteins in eukaryotic cells. How have scientists studied dynamic protein movements through the Golgi? The Golgi apparatus is the central organelle mediating protein and lipid transport within the eukaryotic cell.

Does the mitochondria convert glucose into energy?

Just as fire burns oxygen and gives off carbon dioxide and water mitochondria act like furnaces when they convert glucose into adenosine triphosphate (ATP): They “burn” (use) oxygen and give off carbon dioxide and water. Because the process uses oxygen it is said to be aerobic (as in aerobic exercise).

What do lysosomes do?

What Do Lysosomes Do? … Lysosomes break down macromolecules into their constituent parts which are then recycled. These membrane-bound organelles contain a variety of enzymes called hydrolases that can digest proteins nucleic acids lipids and complex sugars.

Where do ribosomes go?

Ribosomes are found ‘free’ in the cytoplasm or bound to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to form rough ER. In a mammalian cell there can be as many as 10 million ribosomes. Several ribosomes can be attached to the same mRNA strand this structure is called a polysome.

What do ribosomes endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi bodies have in common *?

Ribosomes the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi apparatus are related to each other through their involvement in protein synthesis and transport. … The primary role of the Golgi apparatus is to modify the proteins and encase them into vesicles. From here they are transported to the various parts of the cell.

What organelle acts as the boss inside of a cell *?

nucleus

The nucleus is an internal compartment that houses the cell’s DNA (the boss). Most functions of a eukaryotic cell are controlled by the cell’s nucleus. The nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane called the nuclear envelope.

What organelles is involved in energy conversions?

Two types of membranous organelles that specialize in energy conversion are the chloroplasts and mitochondria. Chloroplasts use solar energy to make carbohydrates by using photosynthesis. Mitochondria break down carbohydrates to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

Which form of energy is converted by chlorophyll in which form is the glucose stored in plants?

solar energy gets converted by chlorophyll. Glucose is stored in the form of sucrose.

What organelle is responsible for converting chemical energy into ATP?

Mitochondria are membrane-bound cell organelles (mitochondrion singular) that generate most of the chemical energy needed to power the cell’s biochemical reactions. Chemical energy produced by the mitochondria is stored in a small molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

What process produces glucose?

photosynthesis
In the process of photosynthesis plants and other photosynthetic producers create glucose which stores energy in its chemical bonds. Then both plants and consumers such as animals undergo a series of metabolic pathways—collectively called cellular respiration.

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What provides the energy for the Calvin cycle to make glucose during photosynthesis?

The Calvin cycle takes over where the light reactions end. It uses chemical energy stored in ATP and NADPH (from the light reactions) and carbon dioxide from the air to produce glucose the molecule that virtually all organisms use for food.

Is it true that solar energy is converted into chemical energy during photosynthesis?

Because the process of photosynthesis involves solar energy which is converted into the food for plants ( as photosynthesis is a chemical energy) . So solar energy is converted into chemical energy during the photosynthesis.

Where does glucose come from in photosynthesis?

During photosynthesis plants take in carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O) from the air and soil. Within the plant cell the water is oxidized meaning it loses electrons while the carbon dioxide is reduced meaning it gains electrons. This transforms the water into oxygen and the carbon dioxide into glucose.

Which of the following is converted into chemical energy during photosynthesis?

In photosynthesis solar energy is harvested and converted to chemical energy in the form of glucose using water and carbon dioxide.

Which organelle is involved in photosynthesis list and describe the parts of this organelle?

chloroplasts

In plants photosynthesis takes place in chloroplasts which contain the chlorophyll. Chloroplasts are surrounded by a double membrane and contain a third inner membrane called the thylakoid membrane that forms long folds within the organelle.

What is the glucose used for in photosynthesis?

During photosynthesis plants trap light energy with their leaves. Plants use the energy of the sun to change water and carbon dioxide into a sugar called glucose. Glucose is used by plants for energy and to make other substances like cellulose and starch. Cellulose is used in building cell walls.

What molecule is oxygen derived from?

Model of molecular or diatomic oxygen composed of two oxygen atoms bonded together. Molecular oxygen (O2) is a diatomic molecule that is composed of two oxygen atoms held together by a covalent bond.

Properties.
Chemical formula O2
Melting Point −219°C

Photosynthesis: Converting Solar Energy into Glucose | AP Biology 3.5

What Is Cellular Respiration – How Do Cells Obtain Energy – Energy Production In The Body

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