What Is The Primary Factor Affecting Climate

What Is The Primary Factor Affecting Climate?

Introduction: Climate is determined by the temperature and precipitation characteristics of a region over time. The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude elevation and the presence of ocean currents.

What are the factors that affect climate?

There are lots of factors that influence our climate
  • Elevation or Altitude effect climate. Normally climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases. …
  • Prevailing global wind patterns. …
  • Topography. …
  • Effects of Geography. …
  • Surface of the Earth. …
  • Climate change over time.

What are the 2 primary factors affecting climate?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important but the yearly range in temperature is also important. Some areas have a much larger range between highest and lowest temperature than other areas.

What is the primary factor affecting climate and weather?

On the surface the greatest factor affecting Earth is sunlight. Sun provides energy for living organisms and it drives our planet’s weather and climate by creating temperature gradients in the atmosphere and oceans.

What are the four basic factors that affect climate?

Although many factors combine to influence weather the four main ones are solar radiation the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt orbital distance from the sun and latitude temperature air pressure and the abundance of water.

What are the 5 factors affecting climate?

  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. The higher up you are the colder and drier it will be. …
  • Relief.

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What are the 5 factors that affect the climate of a place?

Hint:The five main factors which affect the climate of a region are Latitude Altitude relief currents and winds and distance from the sea.

What are the 7 climate factors?

These include latitude elevation nearby water ocean currents topography vegetation and prevailing winds.

What are the factors affecting the climate of India explain?

Latitude attitude pressure and winds are factors that influence the India’s climate. The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the country from the Rann of Kuchchh in the west to Mizoram in the east. India lies in the region of north easterly winds.

What are the major controls affecting the climate of a place?

There are six major controls of the climate of an area. These factors are latitude elevation nearby water ocean currents topography vegetation and prevailing winds.

What are the 6 types of climates?

There are six main climate regions: tropical rainy dry temperate marine temperate continental polar and highlands. The tropics have two types of rainy climates: tropical wet and tropical wet-and- dry.

What are the three factors affecting the climate of India?

  • The elements affecting the climate are latitude altitude and pressure and winds distance from the sea (continentality) ocean currents and relief features.
  • Latitude and altitude: The most important climatic control is latitude.

What are factors affecting the climate of India Class 9?

Class 9 Climate: Factors Affecting the Climate of India
  • Latitude. …
  • Altitude. …
  • Pressure and Winds. …
  • Hot Weather Season (Summer) …
  • Cold Weather Season (Winter) …
  • Advancing Monsoon (Rainy) …
  • Retreating/Post-Monsoon Season (Transition Season) …
  • Answers.

What are the five factors that affect the climate of India?

Explain any 5 factors that affect the climate of India
  • Latitude.
  • Altitude.
  • Pressure and winds.
  • Distance from sea.
  • Ocean current.

What are the controls of weather and climate?

Weather and climate are controlled by the heat that is passed between the atmosphere the air and the ocean. By absorbing heat the ocean helps to keep the weather balanced around the world.

What are climate controls explain how are they influence the climate and weather?

The factors affecting the climate of a place are referred to as controls and are latitude altitude pressure and wind system distance from the sea ocean currents and relief features. … The differences in air pressures near the equator and the poles are the main factors that influence global pressure and wind systems.

What do you mean by climate and weather what are the major control of the climate of place?

(ii) Altitude: As one goes from the surface of the earth to higher altitudes the atmosphere becomes less dense and temperature decreases. The hills are therefore cooler during summers. (iii) Pressure and wind system: The pressure and wind system of any area depend on the latitude and altitude of the place.

What are the 3 most important factors of climate?

There are different factors affect the climate like planting areas land surface location for latitude and longitude lines Ocean currents and other bodies of water snow and ice. The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation.

What are the 3 main types of climates?

The Earth has three main climate zones: tropical temperate and polar. The climate region near the equator with warm air masses is known as tropical.

What does Itcz stand for?

The Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ – pronounced “itch”) appears as a band of clouds consisting of showers with occasional thunderstorms that encircles the globe near the equator.

What are the factors affecting the climate of India Class 10?

Climate of India: 10 Factors which Influence the Climate of India
  • Location and Latitudinal Extent: …
  • Distance from the Sea: …
  • The Northern Mountain Ranges: …
  • Physiography: …
  • Monsoon Winds: …
  • Upper Air Circulation: …
  • El-Nino Effect: …
  • La Nina:

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What are the factors affecting the climate of India Class 11?

The following atmospheric conditions govern the associated weather and climate conditions in India. They are Tropical cyclones and Western Cyclonic disturbances Upper Air Circulation Pressure and Surface winds. North easterly winds are found in the region where India is located.

What is climate control?

The various controls of climate include latitude land and water distribution prevailing winds and belts of high and low pressure ocean currents altitude topography clouds and cyclonic activity.

What geological factors influence the climate and weather?

Weather and climate are influenced by interactions involving sunlight the ocean the atmosphere ice landforms and living things. These interactions vary with latitude altitude and local and regional geography all of which can affect oceanic and atmospheric flow patterns. distribution.

How latitude affects the climate?

Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … As a result more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler.

What is the most important controlling factor of weather and climate in Ethiopia and why discuss in relation to its location?

The climate of Ethiopia is therefore mainly controlled by the seasonal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and associated atmospheric circulations as well as by the complex topography of the country.

What causes the 3 main climate zones?

Earth has three main climate zones because of seasonal change as it revolves around the sun.

What is a type of climate?

The types of climates are: Tropical Desert/dry Temperate Polar Mediterranean. Polar climate (also called boreal climate) has long usually very cold winters and short summers. Temperate climates have four seasons. … Tropical climates have warm temperature and only two seasons wet and dry.

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How is climate different from weather?

Weather refers to short term atmospheric conditions while climate is the weather of a specific region averaged over a long period of time. Climate change refers to long-term changes.

Why is ITCZ called doldrums?

The rising air mass finally subsides in what is known as the horse latitudes where the air moves downward toward Earth’s surface. Because the air circulates in an upward direction there is often little surface wind in the ITCZ. … And that’s why they call it the doldrums.

What causes ITCZ?

ITCZ (Intertropical Convergence Zone) is caused by the convergence of northeast and southeast trade winds in the area encircling Earth near the Equator.

Why is ITCZ north of equator?

ITCZ stands for Intertropical Convergence Zone. It is a region of clouds rain low level convergence and rising air. … The ITCZ has a mean position north of the equator because there is much more landmass in the Northern Hemisphere as compared to the Southern Hemisphere.

Which elements affect the climate of India?

Elements affecting the climate of India are Altitude Latitude Distance from sea Pressure and Wind system Relief Features and Ocean Currents.

What climate change means?

Climate change is a long-term shift in global or regional climate patterns. Often climate change refers specifically to the rise in global temperatures from the mid-20th century to present.

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