What Is Second Language

What second language means?

Definition of second language

: a language that is learned in addition to the language a person first learned as a young child.

What is second language and example?

Word forms: plural second languages. countable noun. Someone’s second language is a language which is not their native language but which they use at work or at school. Lucy teaches English as a second language. French remained her second language for the rest of her life.

What is the meaning of second language learning?

Second language learning (SLL) is concerned with the process and study of how people acquire a second language which is often referred to as L2 or target language as opposed to L1 (the native language). … The terms learning and acquisition are frequently treated as synonyms in the literature.

What is first language and second language?

A first language is the mother tongue or native language of a person while a second language is a language a person learns in order to communicate with the native speaker of that language. The first language is like an instinct which is triggered by birth and developed with the experience of being exposed to it.

Is English My second language?

“The term ‘English as Second Language’ (ESL) has traditionally referred to students who come to school speaking languages other than English at home. … In some jurisdictions the term ‘English as an Additional Language’ (EAL) is used.

What is the difference between second language and foreign language?

Second language is a language a person learns after his or her mother tongue of the speaker especially as a resident of an area where it is in general use. In contrast a foreign language refers to any language other than that spoken by the people of a specific place.

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What is L3 language?

In dealing with the linguistic situation of a multilingual the term third language (L3) refers to a non-native language which is currently being used or acquired in a situation where the person already has knowledge of one or more L2s in addition to one or more L1s.

Which is the third language?

Ethnologue (2019 22nd edition)
Rank Language Speakers (millions)
1 Mandarin Chinese 918
2 Spanish 480
3 English 379
4 Hindi (sanskritised Hindustani) 341

What are principle of second language learning?

To put the principle into practice: Focus on what students communicate rather than on how they communicate Don’t correct students’ mistakes all the time especially when correction interrupts communication Use students’ errors as indicators of their progress in developing second language skills.

What is second language Slideshare?

Learning of any language on any level provided only that the learning of “Second language” takes place sometimes later than the acquisition of first language or mother tongue. Second languages are any languages learned later than in earliest childhood.

Why English is called second language?

The English language has a great reach and influence and English is taught all over the world. … English is also taught as a second language for recent immigrants to English-speaking countries which faces separate challenges because the students in one class may speak many different native languages.

What is the difference between first language and second language example?

First language is a language that one acquires from birth and a second language is a non-native language usually learned at a later stage. In a nutshell native languages are regarded as first languages whereas non-native languages are referred to as second languages.

What is the 2nd language of India?


More than one million speakers
Rank Language 2011 Census of India (total: 1 210 854 977)
1 Hindi 528 347 193
2 Bengali 97 237 669
3 Marathi 83 026 680

How do I teach English as a second language?

How to Become an ESL Teacher
  1. Earn a bachelor’s degree in ESL or TESOL or a related subject such as linguistics.
  2. Complete a student teaching internship in an ESL setting as part of your program.
  3. Take your state’s tests for teacher licensure with an endorsement in ESL.
  4. Apply for your teaching license.

How many speak English as a second language?

1 billion
English is the world’s most widely spoken language but is unusual in the fact that the vast majority of speakers are not ‘native’. Of the approximately 1.5 billion people who speak English less than 400 million use it as a first language. That means over 1 billion speak it as a secondary language.Nov 15 2019

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How can I learn English as a second language?

How to learn English as a second language
  1. Set your goals. Learning a language doesn’t always mean being fluent. …
  2. Find ESL classes. …
  3. Study vocabulary. …
  4. Practice conversations. …
  5. Listen to and read English media. …
  6. Have fun. …
  7. Vocabulary resources. …
  8. Conversation practice.

What is the difference between English and English as a second language?

–English as a Foreign Language (EFL) is the practice of studying English in a country where it isn’t the dominant language. –English as a Second Language (ESL) is the practice of learning English in a country where it is widely spoken such as the United Kingdom.

What is second and third language?

1st language is the mother tounge 2nd language is English and 3rd is hindi.

What is the importance of learning second language?

The more you use your brain to learn new skills the more your brain’s functions work. Learning a new language pushes your brain to get familiar with new grammar and vocabulary rules. It allows you to train your memory to remember new words make connections between them and use them in contextual situations.

What is L1 L2 and L3 language?

L1 is a speaker’s first language. L2 is the second L3 the third etc. A learner whose L1 is Spanish may find Portuguese and Italian easy languages to learn because of a fairly close connection between the languages.

What is L1 language?

A first language native tongue native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language or dialect that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.

What is the L1 L2?

The lumbar spine is located in the lower back below the cervical and thoracic sections of the spine. It consists of five vertebrae known as L1 – L5. … L2 is the lowest vertebral segment that contains spinal cord tissue. After that point nerve roots exit each of the remaining lumbar levels beyond the spinal cord.

What is your foreign language?

A foreign language is a language not commonly spoken in the country of the speaker. However there must be a defined distinction between foreign language and second language. … This is common in countries such as India South Africa or Canada due to these countries having multiple official languages.

When can a second language be acquired?

Stages. Stephen Krashen divides the process of second-language acquisition into five stages: preproduction early production speech emergence intermediate fluency and advanced fluency. The first stage preproduction is also known as the silent period.

What is the best third language to learn?

Your Move: 6 of the Best Languages to Learn After Spanish
  • French. French might be the number one obvious choice. …
  • Portuguese. Portuguese of course is already extremely similar to Spanish. …
  • German. Lots of people say that German has hard grammar. …
  • Arabic. …
  • Indonesian. …
  • Russian.

What are the characteristics of second language acquisition?

Those characteristics are age gender intelligence aptitude motivation and attitude personality learning styles and environment etc. With regard to it this paper attempts to explore the theoretical framework of the role individual characteristic in language acquisition.

What are some barriers to second language learning?

If learning a new language is on your list there are some obstacles to consider.
  • Doubt about your abilities. …
  • Lack of practice opportunities. …
  • Fear of speaking with strangers. …
  • Loss of Motivation. …
  • Expecting it to be easy.

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What is the easiest way to learn a second language?

Best Ways to Learn a New Language
  1. Make New Friends. …
  2. Copy Elementary School Kids. …
  3. Watch a Movie. …
  4. Pretend You’re at a Restaurant. …
  5. Seek Out Online Resources. …
  6. Try Online Courses (like Lingodeer and Italki!) …
  7. Teach Yourself. …
  8. Break it Down.

What is the difference between first second and foreign language?

First language is also called mother language native language or L1. Second language is a language that is not the mother tongue but that is used for public communication. … Foreign language is a language indigenous to another country. It is also a language not spoken in the native country of the person referred to.

How do you learn first language and second language?

2) In general linguists maintain that a first language is acquired i.e. that knowledge is stored unconsciously and that a second language is learned i.e. that knowledge is gained by conscious study of the second language’s structure.

What are the differences between 1st language acquisition and 2nd language learning?

The main difference between first language and second language acquisition is that first language acquisition is a child learning his native language whereas second language acquisition is learning a language besides his native language. … All humans have the ability to acquire a language.

Is English a second language in India?

528 million speak Hindi as a first language. It is both the most widely spoken first as well as second language in India while English is just the 44th most widely spoken first language even though it is the second-most widely spoken second language.

Why is English called second language in India?

First it provides a linguistic tool for the administrative cohesiveness of the country causing people who speak different languages to become united. Secondly it serves as a language of wider communication including a large variety of different people covering a vast area.

Which is the best language?

The top 10 best languages you should learn in 2021!
  • Spanish. Spanish has more native speakers in the world than English making it the best language to learn when travelling. …
  • English. …
  • Mandarin Chinese. …
  • Portuguese. …
  • French.

What is Second-language acquisition? Explain Second-language acquisition

Learning a Second Language | Shinyoung Grace Kim | [email protected]

The benefits of a bilingual brain – Mia Nacamulli

4 reasons to learn a new language | John McWhorter

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