What Is Africa’S Most Prominent Highland Landform

What Is Africa’s Most Prominent Highland Landform?

Ethiopian Highlands
Elevation 4 550 m (14 930 ft)at Ras Dashen
Topographic map
Location Ethiopia

What types of landforms can be found in Africa?

What types of landforms are found in Africa? Rift valleys mountains and plateaus.

What large freshwater lake is the source of the Nile River toward what body of water does it flow what artificial lake helps irrigate fields along its banks?

Toward what body of water does it flow? What artificial lake helps irrigate fields along its banks? Lake Victoria the Nile River flows towards the Mediterranean Sea. Lake Nasser irrigates fields.

What was distinctive about the agriculture of the Ethiopian Highlands?

The relatively high rainfall in the Ethiopian Highlands makes the region suitable for growing coffee oilseeds and grains (especially subsistence crops such as wheat and sorghum). … The United States and the Ethiopian Governments are planning aid for as many as 10 million people who could face food shortages.

What city is located at the branching point between the White and Blue Nile What is the capital of what North African country?

Sudan’s capital Khartoum is located roughly in the centre of the country at the junction of the Blue Nile and White Nile rivers. It is part of the largest urban area in Sudan and is a centre of commerce as well as of government.

What are the main landforms in Central Africa?

The landscapes of Central Africa are most often wide plateaus which are smooth in the central part and etched at the periphery. The interior basin of the Congo River is joined to the Atlantic Ocean by a narrow neck traversing ridges parallel to the coast.

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What is the highest point in Africa?

Mount Kilimanjaro
Located in Tanzania Mount Kilimanjaro is the African continent’s highest peak at 5 895 meters (19 340 feet). The majestic mountain is a snow-capped volcano.Sep 20 2019

What large freshwater lake is the source of the Nile River?

Lake Victoria
Lake Victoria also called Victoria Nyanza largest lake in Africa and chief reservoir of the Nile lying mainly in Tanzania and Uganda but bordering on Kenya. Its area is 26 828 square miles (69 484 square km). Among the freshwater lakes of the world it is exceeded in size only by Lake Superior in North America.

Where is the largest lake in Africa?

Lake Victoria

Lake Victoria located between Uganda (southeast) Tanzania (northwest) and Kenya (southwest) is the second largest freshwater lake in the world after Lake Superior in the US and the largest in Africa.

What aspect of East Africa’s location makes it a natural sea route between the Mediterranean and Asia?

The Suez Canal is a man-made waterway connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Indian Ocean via the Red Sea. It enables a more direct route for shipping between Europe and Asia effectively allowing for passage from the North Atlantic to the Indian Ocean without having to circumnavigate the African continent.

What are the highlands in Africa?

The tropical highlands of Africa often referred to as an afroalpine ecosystem exist along the Great Rift Valleys of East and Central Africa which extend through Kenya Tanzania Uganda Ethiopia Burundi and Rwanda. In recent geologic times glaciers have persisted on Mt. Kenya Mt. Kilimanjaro and Ruwenzori.

What are Ethiopian highlands?

The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia in northeast Africa. It forms the largest continuous area of its elevation in the continent with little of its surface falling below 1 500 m (4 900 ft) while the summits reach heights of up to 4 550 m (14 930 ft).

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What are the major highland areas of Ethiopia?

These are the Western Highlands the Western Lowlands the Eastern Highlands the Eastern Lowlands and the Rift Valley. The Western Highlands are the most extensive and rugged topographic component of Ethiopia. The most spectacular portion is the North Central massifs these form the roof of Ethiopia with elevations…

Where in Africa is Sudan located?


What is Khartoum the capital of?

Khartoum the capital of Sudan.

How many countries are in Africa?

54 countries

There are 54 countries in Africa today according to the United Nations.

What landform dominates most of Central Africa?

The most prominent physical landscape is the tropical rain forests of the equatorial region. Highlands can be found in both the western and eastern regions of Central Africa.

What landform covers most of Africa?

AFRICA’S PLATEAU A huge plateau covers most of Africa. It rises inland from narrow lowlands along the coast. Except for the coasts of Mozambique and Somalia much of the continent lies at least 1 000 feet above sea level. This plateau is Africa’s most prominent physical feature.

What are the 4 main landforms in Africa?

Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara the Sahel the Ethiopian Highlands the savanna the Swahili Coast the rain forest the African Great Lakes and Southern Africa.

What is the most mountainous country in Africa?

Ethiopia is an extremely mountainous country most of it an exapansive high plateau with deep canyons rising gently to Ras Dashen (4620m/15 157′) the highest mountain in Africa outside of the three famous massifs.
Child Range High Points Rank 1.
Peak Name Kilimanjaro
m 5895
ft 19 341
Range2 East Africa Mountains

What is the largest island in Africa?

Madagascar island country lying off the southeastern coast of Africa. Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world after Greenland New Guinea and Borneo.

What country in Africa has the highest elevation above sea level?


Not all points in this list are mountains or hills some are simply elevations that are not distinguishable as geographical features.

List of highest points of African countries.
Rank 1
Country Tanzania
Highest point Mount Kilimanjaro
Elevation 5 892 m (19 331 ft)

Who owns Lake Victoria?

The lake’s area is divided among three countries: Kenya occupies 6% (4 100 km2 or 1 600 sq mi) Uganda 45% (31 000 km2 or 12 000 sq mi) and Tanzania 49% (33 700 km2 or 13 000 sq mi).

What is the deepest lake in Africa?

Lake Tanganyika

the largest of Africa’s Great Rift Valley lakes the second largest of all African lakes and the fifth largest of the world’s lakes the deepest of all African lakes and the second deepest lake in the world and.

Characteristics of Lake Tanganyika
Depth (m) mean maximum 570 1 470
Volume (km3) 18 880

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Who owns the Nile?


From its headwaters in Ethiopia and the central African highlands to the downstream regional superpower Egypt the Nile flows through 10 nations. But by a quirk of British colonial history only Egypt and its neighbor Sudan have any rights to its water.

Where is Africa’s Great Lakes region?

The African Great Lake region is likewise somewhat loose. It is used in a narrow sense for the area lying between northern Lake Tanganyika western Lake Victoria and lakes Kivu Edward and Albert. This comprises Burundi Rwanda northeastern D.R. Congo Uganda and northwestern Kenya and Tanzania.

Is the largest freshwater body in Africa?

Lake Victoria

Lake Victoria is the largest freshwater body in Africa and the second largest in the world smaller only than Lake Superior which is one of North America’s Great Lakes.

What desert is in Africa?

The Sahara
The Sahara is the world’s largest desert it extends across most of the northern part of Africa.

Which physical feature in Africa borders the Mediterranean Sea?

North Africa consists of five countries that border the Mediterranean Sea—EGYPT LIBYA TUNISIA ALGERIA and MOROCCO. The SAHARA DESERT the dominant feature of the North African landscape sweeps across the southern part of the region.

Which sea separates Europe from Africa?

11 2020) — The Strait of Gibraltar connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Mediterranean Sea and separates Spain on the European continent from Morocco on the African continent.

What landform is found in the Eastern Highlands?

Running alongside the Mozambican border for some 300 kilometres the Eastern Highlands is a mountainous area of spectacular natural beauty: rolling hills green forests rugged peaks misty valleys deep gorges cascading waterfalls and sparkling rivers and lakes.

What are highlands in geography?

Highlands or uplands are any mountainous region or elevated mountainous plateau. Generally speaking upland (or uplands) refers to ranges of hills typically up to 500–600 m (1 600–2 000 ft).

What are two highland areas in Africa?

About 36 27 17 11% of Ethiopia Madagascar Uganda and Kenya are considered highlands yet disproportionate numbers of people live in these areas. In Ethiopia and Kenya about 81% and 64% of the population resides in these highlands respectively.

Geography of Africa

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