What Does It Mean To Be Pashtun

What are Pashtuns known for?

Pashtun culture is celebrated for its traditional music dancing poetry and storytelling. A majority of Pashtuns rely upon agriculture (irrigated wheat) and animal husbandry for their source of income with some involved in trading in these and other commodities.

Whats the meaning of Pashtun?

Definition of Pashtun

: a member of a people of eastern and southern Afghanistan and adjacent parts of Pakistan.

What do the Pashtuns believe?

Religion. Pashtuns are Sunni Muslims most of them follow the Hanafite branch of Sunni Islam.

Are Pashtuns nice people?

They are not only kind and hospitable towards their guests but also respectful towards women. If a traveler gets a chance to go to Northwestern Pakistan he or she will encounter hospitality and love.

Are Pashtuns tall?

Pashtuns average to around 5”10 – 6” feet tall.

Why are Pashtuns called Khan?

Khan is a title given to pathans for their bravery. … Khan was a title given to muslim rulers and now is a common surname which is commonly used by the Pashtun people due to the aryanisation of that particular part of asia.

How old is Pashtunwali?

Pashtuns embrace an ancient traditional spiritual and communal identity tied to a set of moral codes and rules of behaviour as well as to a record of history spanning some seventeen hundred years.

How old is Pashtun culture?

It seems likely that the ancestors of the Pashtun have been in the area for at least 4 000 years then and probably far longer. Many scholars believe that the Pashtun people are descended from several ancestral groups.

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What is the Pashtunwali code?

The customs and practices of the Pashtun tribe of Afghanistan are enshrined in their cultural code: the Pashtunwali. The Pashtunwali contains an implicit exchange based on three tenets: honour (nang) revenge (badal) and hospitality (melmastia) none of which is economically driven.

What is the race of Pashtun?

Pashtuns are predominantly an Eastern Iranian people who use Pashto as their first language and originate from Afghanistan and Pakistan. This is the generally accepted academic view. They are those who follow Pashtunwali.

What do Pashtuns do for a living?

Pashtun work at a variety of occupations in agriculture business and trade. Women and children also play a role in agricultural work. Generally the Pashtun of Afghanistan do not have very high living standards. The working conditions of Pashtun in Afghanistan and Pakistan differ being generally better in Pakistan.

Who are the real Pathans?

Pathans (Pashtuns) Muslim tribes of se Afghanistan and nw Pakistan. They speak various dialects of an e Iranian language Pashto and are composed of about 60 tribes numbering in total perhaps 10 million.

Are Pashtuns loyal?

The Pashtuns are a people apart proud loyal and fiercely independent living by their own strict and bloody male-centred moral code Pashtunwali. They are steeped in a political culture of guns and violence. … In the Pushtu language the name Pashtun denotes honour goodness bravery loyalty and dignity.

Are Pashtuns Israelites?

Bani Israel theory. There is a tradition among the Pashtuns of being descended from the exiled lost tribes of Israel. This tradition was referenced in 19th-century Western scholarship and was also incorporated in the “Lost Tribes” literature popular at the time (notably George Moore’s The Lost Tribes of 1861).

Are all Pashtuns Afghan?

Pashtuns also known as Pushtans Paktuns or Pathans are the predominant ethnic group in Afghanistan who comprise 40-50 per cent of the population. … They were separated from those in Afghanistan by the ‘Durand Line’ which divided the region between British India and Afghanistan in the late 19th century.

What language do Pashtuns speak?

The people of Afghanistan form a complex mosaic of ethnic and linguistic groups. Pashto and Persian (Dari) both Indo-European languages are the official languages of the country. More than two-fifths of the population speak Pashto the language of the Pashtuns while about half speak some dialect of Persian.

Is Pashto a type of Arabic?

Linguistically Arabic and Pashto are quite different however if you don’t speak either language you could easily mistake written Pashto for Arabic because they use the same script – almost. … This is why the Pashto alphabet has a total of 44 letters compared to 28 for standard Arabic.

What does Zai mean in Pashto?


Every Pashtun tribe is then divide into subtribes also called khel or zai. Zai in Pashto means “descendant“.William Crooke has said that khel is from an Arabic word meaning “association” or “company”.

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Are all Khans Pashtun?

In India the Muslim surname Khan is largely synonymous with and commonly used by Pathans as per Pashtun naming conventions although not all Khans are necessarily of Pathan descent. The female equivalent used by Pathan women is Khanum or Bibi. … The Pashtun empires in India historically used the Dari Persian language.

Does Khan mean king?

Khan (/kɑːn/) is a historic title of Inner Asia used in some medieval Central Asian societies to refer to a ruler or military leader. In the Mongol Empire it signified the ruler of a horde (ulus) while the ruler of all the Mongols was the khagan or great khan. …

Who are Khan in Islam?

Muslim: from a personal name or status name based on Turkish khan ‘ruler’ ‘nobleman’. This was originally a hereditary title among Tartar and Mongolian tribesmen (in particular Genghis Khan 1162–1227) but is now very widely used throughout the Muslim world as a personal name.

What is loya jirga?

A loya jirga (Pashto: لويه جرګه‎ “grand assembly”) is a special type of jirga or legal assembly in Pashtunwali the traditional code of laws of the Pashtun people. … In Afghanistan loya jirgas have been reportedly organized since at least the early 18th century when the Hotaki and Durrani dynasties rose to power.

What is considered rude in Afghanistan?

It is rude to walk away from someone while they are still talking to you. Both men and women should dress modestly when meeting an Afghan. In Afghanistan women should only let their face hands and feet show and the definition of the legs should not be distinguishable.

What are pashtunwali 3 parts?

The major components of Pashtunwali are:
  • Hospitality: showing profound respect to all visitors and doing so without any hope of remuneration.
  • Forgiveness (or asylum): refers to the protection given to a person against his enemies.
  • Justice (or revenge): seek to bring a wrongdoer to account for their unjust actions.

Where does Pashtun culture originate from?

Pashtun culture is native to the lands of Northwestern Pakistan and Southern Afghanistan (occasionally referred to as the Pashtunistan region).

Is Pashtunwali Islam?

It is very true that Pashtunwali code is not part of Islam but Islam was taken by Pashtuns an addition to the code and it became a part of their culture. The real essence of Islam is very different from the governing code of Pashtun tribes.

What is the Pashtun theory on privacy and visitation?

What is the Pashtun theory on privacy and visitation? They don’t respect privacy and they think it’s all about them. Malala’s father’s dream of opening a school almost came crashing down many times but what changed everything? Malala She made everything popular. 20.

What must a man do to be classified as Pashtun in the saripul district?

Richard Tapper reports that to be classified as Pashtun in the Saripul district a man must speak Pashto be a Sunni trace his ancestry to Qays and marry his sisters and daughters to other Pashtuns. Most Pashtuns in the country tend to follow this marriage pattern. … Males may marry within or below their group.

Who defeated the Pashtuns?

Lest it be forgotten the Sikhs followed by the British had defeated the Pashtuns so comprehensively that for almost 150 years now relative peace and order has prevailed in the Pashtun lands. True the British suffered the occasional setback but they eventually managed to subdue the Pashtun tribes.

What religion are the Pashtuns?

With the exception of Sindh Islam came to KP earlier than to any other part of South Asia. Since Pashtuns received their religious instruction from Sunni Turk dynasties the majority are Sunni Muslims of the Hanafi School. Non-Muslim minorities form less than 0.5 per cent of the population.

Who is the father of Pathan?

According to the Encyclopaedia of Islam the theory of Pashtun descent from the ancient Israelites is traced to Tārīkh-e Khān Jahānī wa Makhzan-e Afghānī (تاریخ خان جهانی ومخزن افغانی) a history compiled by Nimat Allah al-Harawi during the reign of the Mughal emperor Jahangir in the 17th century.

Are Pathans good looking?

Kashmiris and Pathans stood out as the best looking amongst all linguistic groups with 29 per cent voting for Kashmiris and 26 per cent for Pathans. Other responses accounted for 45 per cent of the entire vote.

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Are Pashtuns Greeks?

Many of the modern ethnic Afghans (Pashtuns) are no doubt descendants of the ancient Greeks colonists. … Furthermore it is known that Greeks starting from Alexander the Great himself married with local women and that several colonies were settled in the cities they have founded in Afghanistan.

Which country has most Pashtuns?


Pashtuns make up the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan comprising 40-42% of the total Afghan population. Approximately 1.99 million Afghan refugees live in neighboring Pakistan. The majority of them are Pashtuns who were born in that country.

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