What Did England And France Compete For In North America In The Late 17Th Century?

What were the British and French in competition for in North America?

The French and Indian War was part of the Seven Years War waged between France and England. They fought for control of North America and the rich fur trade. The French who had a strong presence in the Great Lakes region early on built a fort at Green Bay in 1717 to tighten their hold on the western Great Lakes.

What were the British and French really fighting over in the 1700s?

The French and Indian War was part of a worldwide nine years’ war that took place between 1754 and 1763. It was fought between France and Great Britain to determine control of the vast colonial territory of North America.

What was happening in North America in the 17th century?

The 17th century saw a rapid increase of English colonial activity driven by the pursuit of new land trade and religious freedom. The London Virginia Company created the first successful English overseas settlements at Jamestown in 1607 and the Puritans established the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1629.

Who was Britain’s greatest rival for North America during the 17th century?


In North America Britain’s greatest rival was France. While Britain controlled the 13 colonies on the Atlantic seaboard France controlled a vast territory that extended from the St. Lawrence River to the Gulf of Mexico. Between 1689 and 1748 the British and the French fought a series of wars.

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Why did France and England compete for control of North America?

The French-British rivalry in the American colonies began because both powers wanted to control the central regions of North America. As expansion took place the two powers simply collided. … Great Britain won forcing France to cede much of its territory.

What was the reason of competition between the English and the French?

The three causes for the rivalry between France and Britain are the disputes that developed over land in the colonies control of the fur trade in the colonies and over the balance of power in Europe. These causes led to war.

What were the main points of conflict between Britain and France in North America the West Indies and India?

Terms in this set (16)

What were the main points of conflict between Britain and France in North America the West Indies and India? Britain vs. France- Britain’s aim was to prevent France from becoming a colonial power. Quarreling of colonist over fishing rights fur trade native american alliances and land.

How did the British beat the French?

The British defeated the French. … Britain and France signed a treaty to end it in Paris in seventeen sixty-three. The British had won. They took control of the lands that had been claimed by France.

What was the war between England and France?

The Hundred Years’ War was a long struggle between England and France over succession to the French throne. It lasted from 1337 to 1453 so it might more accurately be called the “116 Years’ War.” The war starts off with several stunning successes on Britain’s part and the English forces dominate France for decades.

Why did the British colonize North America?

◦ England wanted to start an American colony to increase their wealth and power so that they could compete with other European countries like Spain and France. ◦ They were hoping to be able to find silver and gold in America.

How did the British colonize North America?

In 1606 King James I of England granted a charter to the Virginia Company of London to colonize the American coast anywhere between parallels 34° and 41° north and another charter to the Plymouth Company to settle between 38° and 45° north. In 1607 the Virginia Company crossed the ocean and established Jamestown.

Why was England so successful in colonizing North America?

The British were ultimately more successful than the Dutch and French in colonizing North America because of sheer numbers. … The rulers back in Europe actually made it very difficult for French and Dutch settlers to obtain and manage land. They tended to be stuck on the old European model of feudal land management.

Did France and England fight over America?

The Seven Years’ War (1756-1763) was a global conflict that spanned five continents though it was known in America as the “French and Indian War.” After years of skirmishes between England and France in North America England officially declared war on France in 1756 setting off what Winston Churchill later called “ …

How did England gain control of North America over Spain and France?

Section Summary. From 1688 to 1763 Great Britain engaged in almost continuous power struggles with France and Spain. … With the 1763 Treaty of Paris New France was eliminated and Great Britain gained control of all the lands north of Florida and east of the Mississippi.

How did the French and British differ in their efforts to gain control in North America?

How did the French and British differ in their efforts to gain control in North America? The British who were present in large numbers sometimes treated the Native Americans harshly and allowed settlers to take Native American lands. However the French with fewer settlers wanted the Native Americans as allies.

Why did Great Britain and France want colonies?

Why did France and Britain both want North America? They both wanted control of the fur trade in the west and the rich fisheries off the coast of Newfoundland. What war settled the question of who would have control? … French- Strong and unified control of colonies forts and strategic locations.

Why did the French settle in North America?

Background. The French first came to the New World as travelers seeking a route to the Pacific Ocean and wealth. Major French exploration of North America began under the rule of Francis I King of France.

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Which one of the following was not a colonial war between France and England?

Which one of the following was not a colonial war between France and England? King Williamʹs War. You just studied 20 terms!

How did British alliances with American Indians contribute to tensions between Britain and America?

British alliances with American Indians contributed to tensions between the U.S. and Britain. … An ambiguous relationship between the federal government and American Indian tribes contributed to problems regarding treaties and American Indian legal claims relating to the seizure of their lands.

Why did France and England hate each other?

The war began because of two main reasons: England wanted control of the English-owned French-controlled region of Aquitaine and the English royal family was also after the French crown. The sheer duration of this conflict means that there were many developments and lots of battles too – 56 battles to be precise!

Why were Britain and France rivals in the mid 1700s?

During the 1700s Britain and France were two of the strongest powers in Europe. They competed for wealth and empire in different parts of the world. This rivalry caused bitter feelings between British and French colonists in North America. … They did not want British colonists sharing in their profitable fur trade.

Why did France and Britain fight in the war?

France and Britain went to war because they both wanted to control the Ohio Valley. … The French surrendered to the British in the battle of Quebec. The British were dominating them. Then Britain and France signed the Treaty of Paris to bring the long conflict to an end and to end French power in North America.

What impact did the French and Indian war have on the British and their American colonies?

The French and Indian War altered the relationship between Britain and its American colonies because the war enabled Britain to be more “active” in colonial political and economic affairs by imposing regulations and levying taxes unfairly on the colonies which caused the colonists to change their ideology from …

What was one effect of the French and Indian war on Great Britain’s American colonies?

The war provided Great Britain enormous territorial gains in North America but disputes over subsequent frontier policy and paying the war’s expenses led to colonial discontent and ultimately to the American Revolution.

How did it help the English eventually beat the French in North America?

The French came to be fur traders and travel and work with the Indians. The British came to farm to give anal to native Indians. … The French were defeated and forced to cede all their territory in Canada to Britain and give up all territorial claims in America east of the Mississippi river. You just studied 7 terms!

When did France defeat England?

The Anglo-French War also known as the War of 1778 or the Bourbon War in Britain was a military conflict fought between France and Great Britain sometimes with their respective allies between 1778 and 1783.

Anglo-French War (1778–1783)
Date June 1778 – September 1783
Territorial changes Tobago and Gorée acquired by France

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Who won the French or the British?

The French and Indian War (1754–1763) was a theater of the Seven Years’ War which pitted the North American colonies of the British Empire against those of the French each side being supported by various Native American tribes.

French and Indian War.
Date 1754–1763
Location North America
Result British victory Treaty of Paris (1763)

Was England at war with France during the American Revolution?

French involvement in the American Revolutionary War of 1775–1783 began in 1776 when the Kingdom of France secretly shipped supplies to the Continental Army of the Thirteen Colonies when it was established in June of 1775. … An ignition of a global war with Britain started shortly thereafter.

Was England at war with France during the French Revolution?

Although Britain remained at war with France this effectively ended the First Coalition.

When did France and England become allies?


On April 8 1904 with war in Europe a decade away Britain and France sign an agreement later known as the Entente Cordiale resolving long-standing colonial disputes in North Africa and establishing a diplomatic understanding between the two countries.

Why did France come to America?

Motivations for colonization: The French colonized North America to create trading posts for the fur trade. Some French missionaries eventually made their way to North America in order to convert Native Americans to Catholicism.

What did England and the English settlers really want from colonization?

What did England and the English really want from colonization? Did they want national glory wealth adventure a solution to social tensions and/or new sources of goods and trade? … They also had problems with other colonists – social tension. They wanted religious and social freedom wealth and economic growth.

How did France lose its colonies in the Americas?

France began to establish colonies in North America the Caribbean and India in the 17th century but lost most of its possessions following its defeat in the Seven Years’ War. The North American possessions were lost to Britain and Spain but the latter returned Louisiana (New France) to France in 1800.

How did the English empire expand in the 17th century?

How did the English empire in America expand in the mid-17th century? In the mid-17th century it became apparent to the European countries that the American colonies would be an important source of wealth. Expanded through mercantilism the government regulates economic activity to promote national power.

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