What Are The Major Climate Zones Of Central Africa

What Are The Major Climate Zones Of Central Africa?

Nov 30 · Sub-Saharan Africa has four climate zones: desert semiarid or Sahel savanna (grasslands) and tropical forests.

What are the 4 major climate zones of Africa?

Sub-Saharan Africa has four climate zones: desert semiarid or Sahel savanna (grasslands) and tropical forests.

What climate zones does Central Africa have?

Due to its geographic situation Central Africa confers a variety of climate types which can be grouped into two broad types : equatorial and tropical (Figure 2.1). Some areas of limited extent are subjected to montane climate such as the Albertine Rift (towards the East of DRC) and the Cameroon volcanic line.

What is the main climate in Central Africa?

Central Africa is characterized by hot and wet climates on both sides of the Equator. The equatorial strip that extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the Western Rift Valley is influenced throughout the year by the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) resulting in intense heavy precipitation.

What are the climatic zones in Africa?

The six main climate zones of Africa are found to the north and south of the equator namely Equatorial Humid Tropical Tropical Semi- desert (Sahalian) Mediterranean and Desert.

What are the 5 climate zones of Africa?

These are the hot desert semiarid tropical wet-and-dry equatorial (tropical wet) Mediterranean humid subtropical marine warm temperate upland and mountain regions.

See also how can reduced precipitation lead to limited water

What are the 5 major geographic climatic regions of Africa?

Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara the Sahel the Ethiopian Highlands the savanna the Swahili Coast the rain forest the African Great Lakes and Southern Africa.

What kind of weather is in Central Africa?


In the Central African Republic a country located south of the Sahara and north of the Equator the climate is tropical hot all year round with a dry season in winter. The rainy season which lasts for most of the year in the south is limited to the summer months in the north.

What is the climate in Northern Africa?

Current Climatology of North Africa

Along the coast North Africa has a Mediterranean climate which is characterized by mild wet winters and warm dry summers with ample rainfall of approximately 400 to 600 mm per year.

What is the climate of Antarctica?

Antarctica is the coldest continent on Earth. The average temperature in the interior throughout the year is about -57°C with the minimum temperature being -90°C during the winter season. … This is known as an ice cap climate (classified as a continent where the average monthly temperature never exceeds 0°C).

What is the climate in the middle of Africa?

The center of the continent has a wet tropical climate with extremely heavy rainfall. To the north and south are belts of tropical climate with a dry season.

What is the main geographic feature of Central Africa?

The most notable geographic feature of Central Africa is the Congo River which is second only to the Amazon in flow. The river is navigable for much of its length only becoming inaccesible in a series of rapids in western Congo between Kinshasa and Matadi.

What is the climate of East Africa?

The climate of eastern Africa is generally tropical though average temperatures tend to be reduced by the region’s high elevations. … The region’s vegetation ranges from woodlands and grasslands in the wetter regions to thornbushes in semiarid areas.

How many major climate zones are in Africa?

four climate zones

Nov 30 · Sub-Saharan Africa has four climate zones: desert semiarid or Sahel savanna (grasslands) and tropical forests.

How many zones are in Africa?

five region

The five region according to the United Nations geoscheme for Africa. The five regions of the African Union. The five regions of the Confederation of African Football.

Western Africa.
Subregion Country / Territory
Southern Africa South Africa
Western Africa
Burkina Faso

What are the 4 major climate regions?

There are 4 major climate zones:
  • Tropical zone from 0°–23.5°(between the tropics) …
  • Subtropics from 23.5°–40° …
  • Temperate zone from 40°–60° …
  • Cold zone from 60°–90°

See also what does rifting mean

What climate zone is West Africa?

The Köppen-Geiger climate zones of West Africa (Kottek et al. 2006) which occur in latitudinal strata as shown in Figure 1 are:-the equatorial monsoon zone equatorial winter zone 5 arid steppe zone and arid desert zone.

What are the three climate zones of West Africa?

West African domain divided into three climatic zones: Guinea (4°N–8°N) Savanna (8°N–11°N) and Sahel (11°N–16°N) (source: [49 50]).

What is the largest climate zone in Africa?

The equatorial region near the Intertropical Convergence Zone is the wettest portion of the continent. Annually the rain belt across the continent moves northward into Sub-Saharan Africa by August then passes back southward into south-central Africa by March.

What is the climate type in central Africa near the Congo River?


In the Republic of Congo an African country crossed by the Equator the climate is equatorial (hot and humid all year round with no real dry season) in the north and tropical (hot and humid with a dry and cooler season in winter) in the center and south.

What are the three climate zones of West Africa quizlet?

  • humid tropical – Atlantic coast and Gulf of Guinea.
  • tropical savanna – south of the Sahel.
  • desert – Sahara desert northenmost zone.
  • steppe – south of Sahara semiarid strip of land called Sahel.

Does it snow in Central Africa?

Yes snow is an annual occurrence on some parts of the continent. Africa is the world’s hottest continent with about 60% of the continent consisting of deserts and drylands but some parts of Southern Africa and African mountains receive snow regularly.

What is the environment and climate of southern Africa?

South Africa experiences a high degree of sunshine with rainfall about half of the global average increasing from west to east and with semi-desert regions in the north-west. While the Western Cape has a Mediterranean climate with winter rainfall most of the country experiences summer rain.

Does it rain in Central Africa?

The Central African Republic has two climatic seasons: The rainy season from May to October and the dry season from December to April. The wettest months begin in July up to September with August as the rainiest month at an average of 225 mm (8.9 in.) of rainfall across 17 days.

What is the climate in South Africa?

South Africa’s climatic conditions generally range from Mediterranean in the southwestern corner of South Africa to temperate in the interior plateau and subtropical in the northeast. A small area in the northwest has a desert climate. Most of the country has warm sunny days and cool nights.

What is the Middle East climate?

The basic climate of the Middle East can be characterized in two words: hot and dry although winters are mild with some rain. The exception is the mountains where desert turns to steppe in northern Iraq northern Iran and eastern Turkey. … In the Saudi desert however temperatures over 49°C (120.2°F) are common.

What is the weather in West Africa?

Temperatures in the lowlands of West Africa are high throughout the year with annual means usually above 18°C. In the Sahel maximum temperatures can reach above 40°C. … Thus year-to-year rainfall variability ranges from 10 to 20 percent in the coastal areas to over 40 percent in the northern Sahel (FAO 1983).

What are arctic temperatures?

Temperatures can range from 8 °C (46 °F) to 15 °C (59 °F) however it is not unusual to have balmy days of 20°C (68°F) or more during the summer months.

What is the hottest place in Earth?

Death Valley
Death Valley California USA The aptly named Furnace Creek currently holds the record for hottest air temperature ever recorded. The desert valley reached highs of 56.7C in the summer of 1913 which would apparently push the limits of human survival.Sep 2 2021

See also what animals live in the ground

What continent only has one climate?


Climate of Antarctica. The unique weather and climate of Antarctica provide the basis for its familiar appellations—Home of the Blizzard and White Desert.

What landform dominates most of Central Africa?

The most prominent physical landscape is the tropical rain forests of the equatorial region. Highlands can be found in both the western and eastern regions of Central Africa.

What major landscape feature covers much of central Africa?

Savannas or grasslands cover almost half of Africa more than 13 million square kilometers (5 million square miles). These grasslands make up most of central Africa beginning south of the Sahara and the Sahel and ending north of the continents southern tip.

What is Africa’s transition zone between desert and rainforest?

The environment of the African Transition Zone is known as the Sahel a semi-arid region of grasslands created by the collision of the Sahara Desert and central African rain forests. The African Transition Zone stretches over a million square miles and is over 3500 miles in length.

What are the major landforms in East Africa?

The physical geography of East Africa is dominated by the Great Rift Valley which extends through the middle of the region from north to south. Associated with the rift valleys are vast savannas such as the Serengeti Plain large lakes high mountains and the highlands of Ethiopia.

climate zones explained (explainity® explainer video)

Climate Zones of the Earth | Weather and Climate | Types of Climate Zones

Climate of Africa

Climate Zones of the Earth – The Dr. Binocs Show | Best Learning Videos For kids | Dr Binocs

Leave a Comment