What 8 Smaller Watersheds Make Up The Chesapeake Bay Watershed

What 8 Smaller Watersheds Make Up The Chesapeake Bay Watershed?

This visualization overlays the full watershed onto a Landsat satellite visualization of the Bay area. The eight different distinctly colored regions indicate the Chesapeake’s major subwatersheds. These subwatershed regions are: Susquehanna Potomac Patuxent MD West Shore Rapahhannock Eastern Shore James and York.Apr 21 2008

What 8 smaller watersheds make up the Chesapeake Bay?

These tributaries are direct conduits carrying runoff and pollution into the Bay. Major rivers that empty into the Bay include the James York Rappahannock Potomac Patuxent Patapsco and Susquehanna from the west and the Pocomoke Wicomico Nanticoke Choptank and Chester from the east.

What watersheds are part of the Chesapeake Bay watershed?

The Chesapeake Bay watershed drains into five major rivers including the Susquehanna Potomac Rappahannock York and James which provide more than 90 percent of the Bay’s fresh water. The watershed is larger than most U.S. states totaling 64 000 square miles or 96 percent of the size of New England.

What is the smallest watershed?

The smallest watersheds are the drainage areas for small streams and lakes. Think about your local creek or river.

How many Chesapeake Bay’s are there?

Chesapeake Bay
Chesapeake Bay Watershed – extends north/east/west into six adjoining American states – Maryland Virginia West Virginia Delaware Pennsylvania and New York state plus the federal capital city of Washington in the District of Columbia.
Chesapeake Bay
Location Maryland Virginia

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What formed the Chesapeake Bay?

About 35.5 million years ago an exploding meteor collided with Earth and formed a massive crater. Because rivers flow along the path of least resistance the depression created by the crater caused river valleys to converge setting the stage for the formation of the Chesapeake Bay.

What makes the Chesapeake Bay Unique?

The Bay is the largest estuary in the United States and the third largest in the world. It is about 200 miles long and holds more than 18 trillion gallons of water some from the Atlantic Ocean and some from the 150 streams creeks and rivers that drain into its watershed.

What are the three major watersheds of VA?

Virginia rivers also are part of three major watersheds of North America: The Chesapeake Bay the North Carolina Sounds and the Mississippi River.

What is the area of the Chesapeake Bay watershed?

64 000 square miles

The Chesapeake Bay Watershed

covers 64 000 square miles includes parts of six states (Virginia Maryland Delaware West Virginia Pennsylvania New York) and Washington D.C. has 11 684 miles of shoreline including tidal wetlands and islands (that’s more shoreline than the entire West Coast of the United States)

What is Chesapeake Bay watershed agreement?

The 1983 Agreement laid the foundation for a cooperative program that included four jurisdictions along with the Chesapeake Bay Commission and the federal government. … The signatories to this voluntary Agreement commit to achieving the restoration and protection of the Chesapeake Bay watershed and its living resources.

Can watersheds consist of smaller Subwatersheds?

Large scale watersheds are composed of smaller areas called subwatersheds. For example the Mississippi river has an extremely large watershed encompassing most of the central United States including all or part of 31 states. In contrast Lake Itasca in north central Minnesota has a relatively small watershed.

What is a sub watershed?

subwatershed (plural subwatersheds) Any of several parts of a watershed that drains to a specific location quotations ▼

What do smaller watersheds drain into?

Watersheds drain rainfall and snowmelt into streams and rivers. These smaller bodies of water flow into larger ones including lakes bays and oceans.

What makes Chesapeake Bay a dead zone?

Dead zones are caused by excessive nitrogen and phosphorous pollution from human activities including: Agricultural runoff from farmland that carries nutrients from fertilizers and animal manure into rivers and streams eventually flowing into the Chesapeake Bay.

What happened to the Chesapeake Bay?

Unfortunately the Chesapeake Bay faces serious problems due to human activities including polluted stormwater runoff over-fertilization and pollution from animal wastes deforestation wetland destruction from agricultural urban and suburban development and sea level rise caused by global climate change.

What is the importance of the Chesapeake Bay?

As such a large estuary the Bay impacts the health and safety of thousands of species of animals and plants as well as the 18 million people who live in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. The Chesapeake Bay’s ecosystem impacts the quality of the air we breathe the water we drink and the food we eat.

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What three geological areas contribute geology of the Chesapeake Bay?

The Chesapeake Bay watershed contains three distinct geologic regions: the Atlantic coastal plain the Piedmont plateau and the Appalachian province.

What was the Chesapeake Bay impact structure?

Formed over 35 million years ago the Chesapeake Bay Impact Structure (CBIS) is the largest crater in North America (Shirley et al. 2016). The crater formed around what is now the Eastern Shore of Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay (Shirley et al. 2016).

How was the Chesapeake Bay Bridge built?

To construct it workers dug huge underwater ditches for two tunnels and lined them with rocks. … The tunnels connect to the bridge sections via four manmade islands that are each as large as a football field. The depth of the water ranges from 25 to 100 feet according to the Chesapeake Bay Bridge and Tunnel Commission.

What are abiotic factors in the Chesapeake Bay?

Abiotic Factors in the bay

Abiotic factors are factors that are non living. An example of this is the water of the bay. It provides shelter a source of a drink protection for all the organisms. Another factor is the sun.

What are 5 facts about the Chesapeake Bay?

10 Things You Didn’t Know About the Chesapeake Bay
  • The Bay holds about 18 trillion gallons of water. …
  • Only about half of the water in the Bay comes from the ocean. …
  • Roughly 51 billion gallons of water enter the Bay each day from the 100 000 streams creeks and rivers that feed it.

What are the economic resources of the Chesapeake Bay?

The protection and restoration of the Chesapeake Bay and its streams and rivers are essential to a healthy and vibrant economy. The Bay provides countless opportunities and dollars in regards to its fishing tourism real estate and shipping industries.

What are Virginia’s 14 major watersheds?

Watershed size tributaries
Name Area (sq. miles) Major Tributaries
Potomac – Shenandoah 5 702 Potomac River S. Fork Shenandoah N. Fork Shenandoah
Chesapeake Bay Coastal 2 577 Chesapeake Bay Piankatank
Atlantic Ocean Coastal 580 Chincoteague Bay Hog Island Bay
Rappahannock 2 714 Rappahannock River Rapidan River Hazel River

Which watershed makes up most of Virginia?

the Chesapeake Bay watershed

What is the Chesapeake Bay watershed? The Chesapeake Bay watershed spans more than 64 000 square miles encompassing parts of six states—Delaware Maryland New York Pennsylvania Virginia and West Virginia—and the entire District of Columbia. More than 18 million people live in the Chesapeake Bay watershed.

What are the smaller streams that make up bigger river systems?

A tributary is a freshwater stream that feeds into a larger stream or river. The larger or parent river is called the mainstem. The point where a tributary meets the mainstem is called the confluence.

Which type of wetland is the Chesapeake Bay considered to be?

Tidal wetlands
Tidal wetlands are found along the shores of the Bay and the tidal portions of streams creeks and rivers. As of 2010 there were approximately 282 291 acres of tidal wetlands in the Chesapeake Bay area.

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What were the Chesapeake Bay colonies?

The Chesapeake Colonies were the Colony and Dominion of Virginia later the Commonwealth of Virginia and Province of Maryland later Maryland both colonies located in British America and centered on the Chesapeake Bay. … The Chesapeake region had a one-crop economy based on tobacco.

What is the Chesapeake Bay Agreement What are 2 goals of this agreement?

These goals are interrelated: improvements in water quality can mean healthier fish and shellfish the conservation of land can mean more habitat for wildlife and a boost in environmental literacy can mean a rise in stewards of the Bay’s resources.

What is the Chesapeake Bay program and what are its restoration objectives?

Chesapeake 2000 established 102 goals to reduce pollution restore habitats protect living resources promote sound land use practices and engage the public in Bay restoration. It was also the first Bay agreement to emphasize ecosystem-based fisheries management.

What is a smaller watershed that drains into a larger watershed?

Large watersheds often are composed of several smaller watersheds called sub-watersheds or sub-drainages. For example Carriger Creek flows into Sonoma Creek and has its own watershed which is part of the even larger Sonoma Creek watershed.

What are the small channels in a watershed called?

A watershed has an orderly flow pattern. The pattern is dendritic or branching as it flows from the headwaters to a larger body of water. When one stream flows into a larger stream or river they are called tributaries. The smallest channels in a watershed with no tributaries are called first order streams.

What is the difference between watershed and subwatershed?

A watershed is the land area or topographic region that drains into a particular stream river or lake. Large watersheds may contain hundreds or thousands of smaller subwatersheds that drain into the river or other water body. …

How are watersheds divided?

A watershed starts at the highest points on the landscape like mountain peaks and ridgelines that divide one valley or drainage from another. The imaginary line that connects those high points is called the watershed divide.

Where Is Your Watershed? (Chesapeake Bay Watershed)

The Chesapeake Bay’s Watershed

The Chesapeake Bay Watershed

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