New Zealand’S Immigration Policy Prior To World War Ii Discriminated Against What Particular Group?

What was the name given to the first region of Australia settled by the British as a penal colony?

Although Australia’s first penal colony was often called Botany Bay its actual site was at Sydney on Port Jackson. Although currently under dispute many believe that Captain James Cook originally discovered the east coast of the continent in 1770 and named it New South Wales.

Is New Zealand Australia?

New Zealand is part of a region known as Australasia together with Australia.

What portion of New Guinea is the independent nation of Papua New Guinea?

The Independent State of Papua New Guinea is a sovereign island nation of Oceania comprising the eastern half of the Island of New Guinea and numerous offshore islands in the western South Pacific Ocean. Papua New Guinea is located in a region defined since the early 19th century as Melanesia.

Why are many Pacific island referred to as mirab economies quizlet?

The Pacific island countries are sometimes called MIRAB economies. What does MIRAB stand for? Migration remittances aid and bureaucracy. The have dependence on labor migration jobs with foreign governments and foreign aid.

Who found New Zealand?

explorer Abel Tasman

The dutch explorer Abel Tasman is officially recognised as the first European to ‘discover’ New Zealand in 1642. His men were the first Europeans to have a confirmed encounter with Māori.

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Who discovered Australia and NZ?

Abel Tasman

Abel Tasman was a great explorer who discovered Australia and New Zealand long before James Cook. Discover what he did in his Australasian Adventures.

How was New Zealand named?

The Dutch. The first European to arrive in New Zealand was the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642. The name New Zealand comes from the Dutch ‘Nieuw Zeeland’ the name first given to us by a Dutch mapmaker.

Is New Zealand a flag?

Flag of New Zealand
Use National flag and state ensign
Proportion 1:2
Adopted March 24 1902 (In use since 1869)
Design A Blue Ensign with the a Union Jack in the first quarter and four five-pointed red stars with white borders on the fly representing the Southern Cross.
Designed by Albert Hastings Markham

Is New Zealand named after Zealand?

The country of New Zealand was named after Zeeland after it was sighted by Dutch explorer Abel Tasman.

What is the difference between Papua New Guinea and New Guinea?

New Guinea is administratively divided into two parts: its western half comprises the Indonesian propinsi (or provinsi provinces) of Papua and West Papua (collectively formerly called Irian Jaya) and its eastern half comprises the major part of Papua New Guinea an independent country since 1975.

Why is New Guinea divided half?

The island of New Guinea was divided up by Dutch German and British colonialists in the middle of the last century. Like many such divisions it showed little regard for ethnic or religious groupings. The Western half of the island formerly Dutch New Guinea became a province of Indonesia in the 1960s.

Why is Papua New Guinea unexplored?

The rugged and extreme topography of the island besides lack of infrastructure limits travelling to and around Papua New Guinea. This is one of the main reasons why certain areas to the mountainous and junglecovered interior remain so unexplored.

What is the mirab?

MIRAB is an acronym for migration (MI) remittance (R) and foreign aid (A) and the public bureaucracy (B) the main components of the MIRAB model. … Evidence is given of the importance of migration and overseas remittance for the functioning of some Pacific island microstates such as Tonga.

What ethnic group in China practices Islam and has faced opposition from the government?

The Chinese government has long carried out repressive policies against the Turkic Muslim peoples in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) in northwest China.

Where did the US conduct nuclear tests between 1946 1958 quizlet?

In 1947 the Marshall Islands became part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands created by the United Nations and then administered by the U.S. In 1946 the islands had a population of 52 000. Between 1946 and 1958 the United States conducted 67 nuclear tests in the Marshall Islands.

Who invaded New Zealand?

Though a Dutchman was the first European to sight the country it was the British who colonised New Zealand.

Why did the British migrate to New Zealand?

Later the British Government encouraged British families to come here. The British Government thought that Aotearoa would be a good base in the Pacific for Britain. Many British families packed their bags and boarded ships to start a new life in a land they had never seen on the other side of the world.

Was New Zealand discovered before Australia?

Australia and New Zealand had quite separate indigenous histories settled at different times by very different peoples – Australia from Indonesia or New Guinea around 50 000 years ago New Zealand from islands in the tropical Pacific around 1250–1300 CE.

Who named Australia?

It was the English explorer Matthew Flinders who made the suggestion of the name we use today. He was the first to circumnavigate the continent in 1803 and used the name ‘Australia’ to describe the continent on a hand drawn map in 1804. The National Library holds a reproduction.

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How old is Australia today?

As such a nation created through law Australia is 117 years old.

Where did the Maori come from?

Māori are the indigenous people of Aotearoa New Zealand they settled here over 700 years ago. They came from Polynesia by waka (canoe). New Zealand has a shorter human history than any other country.

What continent is NZ?


Why is New Zealand called kiwi?

The name ‘kiwi’ comes from the curious little flightless bird that is unique to New Zealand. … In the early 1900s cartoonists started to use images of the kiwi bird to represent New Zealand as a country. During the First World War New Zealand soldiers were referred to as ‘kiwis’ and the nickname stuck.

Why is NZ called NZ?

In 1642 Dutch explorer Abel Tasman was the first European to discover New Zealand calling it Staten Land. In 1645 Dutch cartographers renamed the land Nova Zeelandia after the Dutch province of Zeeland. British explorer James Cook subsequently anglicized the name to New Zealand.

How do you say hello in New Zealand?

100% Pure New Zealand: Kia ora New Zealand

Try to learn some Māori language phrases while you’re here – start with ‘Kia ora! ‘ – hello!

Why does NZ flag have 4 stars?

The flag of New Zealand is a defaced Blue Ensign with the Union Flag in the canton and four red stars with white borders to the right. The stars’ pattern represents the asterism within the constellation of Crux the Southern Cross. … After the formation of the colony in 1840 British ensigns began to be used.

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Why does New Zealand wear black?

Also known as the New Zealand Maori the players wore an entirely black playing kit with a silver fern badge. It is surmised that it was the Natives team strip that influenced Ellison to make the suggestion that the NZRU adopt the same design. Why the Natives team chose black as its jersey colour is still unknown.

Where is Zeland?


Zealand Danish Sjælland largest and most populous island of Denmark lying between the Kattegat and the Baltic Sea separated from Sweden by The Sound (Øresund) and from Funen (Fyn) island by the Great Belt. Stevns Klint Zealand Denmark.

What does Zeeland mean in English?


Zeeland. Expresses the Dutch for “Sea-land ” land reclaimed from the sea.

Is New Zealand poor country?

Approximately 305 000 children in New Zealand live in poverty. This means over a quarter of children living within the country are underprivileged. Additionally 14 percent of these children cannot afford basic food housing or clothing.

What is wrong with Papua New Guinea?

Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a resource-rich country yet almost 40 percent of the population lives in poverty. … Chronic problems continued to plague the criminal justice system in PNG including abuses by police. Overcrowding and dire prison conditions led to prison breakouts.

When did Australia split from Papua New Guinea?

Towards Independence

Following the passage of the Papua New Guinea Independence Act 1975 during the term of the Whitlam Government in Australia the Territory became the Independent State of Papua New Guinea and attained independence on 16 September 1975.

When did Australia separate from Papua New Guinea?

Papua New Guinea was ruled by Australia until independence in 1975. The two countries retained close relations with Australia supplying development aid.

What is Melanesia and Polynesia?

Early white visitors divided the South Sea region into three great areas which they called Polynesia (“many islands”) Melanesia (“black islands”) and Micronesia (“tiny islands”).

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