How Do Mountains Affect The Physical And Human Geography Of East And Southern Africa?

How did Africa’s geography affect movement in Africa?

What geographic features limited movement in Africa and what made them obstacles? The terrain of the rain forest and desert made these areas hard to cross while the high plateau in the interior and the river cataracts made movement between regions difficult. … Outside trade opened North Africa to new ideas.

How has geography affected Africa?

The geography of Africa helped to shape the history and development of the culture and civilizations of Ancient Africa. The geography impacted where people could live important trade resources such as gold and salt and trade routes that helped different civilizations to interact and develop.

What is the most dominant physical feature of southern Africa?

High Plateau/High Veld: the most dominant physical feature in southern Africa is the high plateau known locally as the high veld. It comprises more than three-quarters of the region’s area.

How do you think Africa’s climate and geography would affect settlement patterns?

The trade routes changed from the north to the south because of the climate changes. Farmers in the forests along the coasts would trade with farmers in the south savannahs and with the herders in the sahel. … The people in the grasslands could grow grains and rice and could trade for salts and gold also.

How has Africa’s physical geography affected its development?

How has Africa’s physical geography affected its ability to use the resources for economic development? It has rivers full of rapids waterfalls and gorges that have meandering courses making transportation/navigation difficult in Africa.

How does the physical geography of Africa affect trade?

How did geography affect West Africa? There were so many different geographical features so Africans were forced to trade for what they needed. … They charged fees for trading activity and used their money to expand. More people came to live in the city so they gave out more jobs.

What are the human and physical features of Africa?

Africa the second-largest continent is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea the Red Sea the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. … Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara the Sahel the Ethiopian Highlands the savanna the Swahili Coast the rain forest the African Great Lakes and Southern Africa.

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What are the physical features of South Africa?

The land. Stretching latitudinally from 22°S to 35°S and longitudinally from 17°E to 33°E South Africa’s surface area covers 1 219 602 km2. Physical features range from bushveld grasslands forests deserts and majestic mountain peaks to wide unspoilt beaches and coastal wetlands.

How did geography influence West Africa?

Geography and Trade Geography was a major factor in the development of West African societies. Settled communities grew south of the Sahara where the land permitted farming. Geography also influenced trading patterns. … Rivers such as the Niger served as trade routes.

What U shaped physical feature is made up of cliffs that frame Southern Africa?

What is the most dominant physical feature of Southern Africa? Looming up behind this coastal plain are high steep cliffs known as the Great Escarpment. These cliffs form an almost unbroken U-shape.

What kind of physical features are on the northern and southern edges of the Little Karoo?

The Karoo is divided into the Great Karoo and the Little Karoo. The Little Karoo is delimited in the south by the Outeniqua–Langeberg Mountains that run east-west parallel to the coast and in the north by the Swartberg Mountain Range that also runs east-west.

What word best describes the physical geography of Southern Africa?

African Jazz. … Which word best describes the physical geography of Southern Africa? coastal. What is Southern Africa’s longest river?

How did geography affect settlement patterns in West Africa?

How did geography affect settlement patterns in West Africa? The Sahara is very dry except for some scattered oases. It was not a suitable place for large settlements. Because of this many people settled in places like Jenne-Jeno and near rivers where it was more suitable for farming and trade.

How did geography affect settlement patterns in North Africa?

The geographical factors caused the settlement in north africa to be heavily located near the rivers (such as NIle) and oasis. The region of north america made up of large portion of desert. The area near the river on the other hands contain a lot of water and nutrients that needed by the plants to grow.

What are the factors affecting the growth of settlements?

Human Settlement Factors:
  • Body of water (transportation routes water for drinking and farming)
  • Flat land (easy to build)
  • Fertile soil (for crops)
  • Forests (timber and housing)

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How did the environmental features of Africa affect the continent?

How did the environmental features of Africa affect the continent? Persistent warm temperatures accelerated the decomposition of humus resulting in a less productive agriculture. operated without the coercive authority of a state. … were dominated by cities or regional states rather than a single empire.

Why does Africa occupy a special place in the physical as well as the human world?

The African continent has a unique place in human history. Widely believed to be the “cradle of humankind ” Africa is the only continent with fossil evidence of human beings (Homo sapiens) and their ancestors through each key stage of their evolution.

What effects does Africa’s location have on its overall climate?

What effect does Africa’s location have on its overall climate? 90% of the continet lies in the tropics with lots of rainfall. What region receives the most rainfall?

How did geography affect trade?

Traders had to use geographic anomalies so they could trade with people from other lands. To cross these land routes it was essential that enough water was available for the people and animals to use. Thus water in the form of oases were vital resources along even the most remote land-based trade routes.

How did geography and climate affect trade?

Geography and economy are closely tied together because transport makes trade with widespread areas possible. This is because geographical features include mountains deserts and water which directly impact the movement of people and thus the movement of trade.

How did the geography of West Africa affect long distance trade on the continent?

How did the geography of West Africa affect long distance trade on the continent? The large number of easily navigated rivers made it possible to transport goods quickly. … Large mountain ranges made it challenging to transport good across the continent.

What are human and physical features in geography ks1?

Human and physical features are things that you can see all around you. Physical features like seas mountains and rivers are natural. Human features like houses roads and bridges are things that have been built by people. …

What is a physical feature in geography?

Physical Features are natural features on the Earth’s surface such as water lakes mountains and deserts. … Landforms bodies of water climate soils natural vegetation and animal life are among them. Physical features are including landforms bodies of water terrains and ecosystems.

Which aspect of Africa’s physical geography had the greatest influence on European colonization of Africa?

What aspect of Africa’s physical geography had the greatest influence on European colonization of Africa? Africa was rich in natural resources that Europeans needed. Africa’s river systems made it easy for Europeans to reach the African interior.

What is South Africa’s nickname?

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South Africa’s nickname is the “Rainbow Nation ” due to its multiculturalism especially post-Apartheid.

Is South Africa poor?

South Africa is one of the most unequal societies in the world. More than 50% of the population live in poverty. Despite notable gains in poverty reduction post-apartheid poverty levels have remained consistently highest among women black South Africans people with disabilities and those living in rural areas.

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How do u say hello in South Africa?

Howzit – A traditional South African greeting that translates roughly as “How are you?” or simply “Hello”. 2. Heita – An urban and rural greeting used by South Africans. A cheery slang form of saying “Hello”.

What are the major physical features that influenced the rise of West African kingdom?

Some examples may include rivers oceans and deserts. Students should be able to determine that geography was a major factor in the development of West African societies. The Sahara is a desert therefore it is not suitable for farming due to lack of water. South of the Sahara however was suitable for farming.

What is the physical geography of West Africa like?

The region of West Africa includes the southern portion of the bulge of the continent which extends westward to the Atlantic Ocean. This region is bisected by the African Transition Zone which borders the southern edge of the Sahara Desert. The main physical features include the Sahara Desert and the Niger River.

How did geography affect trade in West Africa explain?

How did geography affect trade in West Africa? Geography affected trade because there are so many regions in Africa with different resources. The different areas had to trade to get what they needed. … Most communities grew or made everything they needed and traded with other to get what they needed and hadn’t grown.

What two physical processes shaped many of the landforms in the United States?

What two physical processes shaped many of the landforms in the United States? Glacial activity and tectonic plate movement can be traced back to the formation and shaping of many of the United States’ landforms.

How did physical geography and a spirit of independence influence the development of the US?

How did physical geography and a spirit of independence influence the development of the US? Middle Colonies – fertile soil mild winters. … During 1800 – US more than doubled its territory. The country gained valuable land and natural resources.

Does the US have diverse physical geography?

North America can be divided into five physical regions: the mountainous west the Great Plains the Canadian Shield the varied eastern region and the Caribbean. … Some diverse biomes represented in North America include desert grassland tundra and coral reefs.

Between which two kinds of mountains does the Great Karoo lie?

Great Karoo Karoo also spelled Karroo Afrikaans Groot Karoo also called Central Karoo plateau basin in Western Cape province South Africa lying between the Great Escarpment (north) and the Swartberg (south).

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